World electricity demand is higher than pre-epidemic levels

Thursday, June 17, 2021 High voltage power lines in Pinole, California.

David Paul Morris | Bloomberg | Getty Images

According to a new study by London-based environmental think tank Ember, carbon dioxide emissions from the global power sector have risen sharply in the first half of 2021 compared to pre-epidemic levels.

Electricity demand and emissions were 5% higher than they were before the VV-19 epidemic, leading to a temporary decline in global greenhouse gas emissions. The demand for electricity has surpassed that of renewable energy, the analysis found.

The findings show that countries have failed to achieve the so-called “green recovery”, which includes the transition from fossil fuels to renewable energy to avoid the dire consequences of climate change.

According to the report, 61% of the world’s electricity is still fossil fuels by 2020. Five G20 countries received more than 75% of their fossil fuels last year, with Saudi Arabia 100%, South Africa 89%, Indonesia 83%, Mexico 75% and Australia 75%.

Coal fell to a record 4% in 2020, but overall coal accounted for 43% of the additional energy demand between 2019 and 2020. Asia currently produces 77% of the world’s coal and only 53% of China. 44% from 2015.

About 30% of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions are being taken very slowly to mitigate the effects of global climate change, the study said. And when the demand for electricity resumes, the International Energy Agency will return to coal production by 2021.

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Amber leader Dave Jones said in a statement: “Growth is not near enough. Coal was declining during the epidemic, but it was still low. ”

According to Jones, by the end of the decade, coal consumption must have fallen by 80% to avoid dangerous global temperatures above 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit).

“At the same time, we need to build enough clean electricity to replace coal and generate a global economy,” Jones said. “World leaders have not yet awakened to the magnitude of the test.”

The findings come at the United Nations Climate Conference in Glasgow, Scotland, in November, where negotiators are pushing for more climate change and child reduction commitments.

Without rapid, rapid, and large-scale reductions in global emissions, climate change experts warn that global temperatures will rise by about 1.5 degrees Celsius in 20 years.

The study also highlighted some aspects. Wind and solar power generation, for example, increased by 15% in 2020, doubling the world’s production last year and doubling since 2015.

Some countries, including India, China, Japan, and Brazil, now receive about 10% of their wind and solar power. The United States and Europe grew by wind and sun, Germany by 33% and the United Kingdom by 29%.


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