The growth of compressed natural gas vehicles in India has attracted about 7% of CAGR over the past five years. While the growth is focused on selected regions of the country, it is expected that this will be repeated in many other parts of India, with action taken by various stakeholders. CNG, however, has long restrictions on trucks due to the loading penalty between low range and gas-carrying cylinders. Liquid Natural Gas (LNG) can be used as an alternative because it helps to overcome this key limitation. Although the current penetration in India is low, it is time to jump to the age of gas, based on the improvement in the cost of running on diesel prices due to LNG prices, infrastructure and policy initiatives. .
Benefits of LNG
LNG offers benefits over a wide range of parameters. It is a well-known fact that the cost of a ton-kilometer is a major factor in the choice of truck and fuel. LNGG, which is currently cheaper than diesel, makes it a viable option. While the purchase price of an LG truck is about 22 percent higher, the cost of driving is about 40 percent lower, which makes the LNG truck vis-a-vis equivalent diesel fuel by 32 percent.
India has an estimated 5 trillion cubic meters (TCM) of renewable energy reserves, less than 0.5 percent of which is used as fuel in existing CNG vessels. Therefore, it can meet the demand for more natural gas vehicles. This is in line with India’s vision to increase overall gas consumption by 730 to 2030 by 2030.
In addition, LGN is quiet and clean due to emissions of less than 25 percent. In terms of energy density, the LNG has a caloric value of 12,950 kcal / kg compared to 10,900 kcal / kg, which is a higher vehicle range compared to the size of a fuel tank. Although petroleum products are common in diesel, LNG can be considered crude as a fuel at -162 ° C.
The way forward
International examples indicate that LNG Setting up corridors helps to speed up adoption by dispelling myths and showing the benefits of alginate as fuel. The earliest adoptions may be LSPs with a certified load on both ends of the corridor. That ensures that the truck does not stay in the fuel tank with LNG for a long time. This is twice as important as it helps to reduce fuel loss from the tank, and high truck use also helps ensure a shorter charging time.
In addition, most cryogenic cylinders currently used to store LNG in vehicles are imported due to low adoption rates. Increasing LNG traffic on certain corridors will help increase adoption rates, which could significantly increase the environmental efforts of the automotive industry. This is the case with LNG.
A draft by the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas. Policy Policy To change the LNG, it will hit the right lines with measures such as the encouragement of trucks in the country, increasing the capacity of the LNG Rehabilitation Terminal to 100 million tons (MT) per year. 2040 from the current 40 m. In terms of infrastructure, it discusses plans to establish 1,000 LNG stations for long-term, heavy-duty trucks and other vehicles. In addition, incentives are being developed for the automotive industry to produce LED-based heavy vehicles and to create auxiliary production units through tax-free and green certificates. There is also a goal of shifting 10 percent of long trucks to LNGs.
Considering the unique benefits of LNG in terms of energy security, cost economics and atmospheric emissions, it is time for the truck to migrate to LNG. The draft LNG policy, as well as pilots with the SPS, original manufacturers and fuel suppliers, will go a long way in demonstrating the benefits of the fuel and will serve as an indicator to increase adoption.
The author is a partner and team leader at NRI Consulting & Solutions.