What is the chemical gasoline of concern in flat rock after gas leaks?

(WXYZ) – The Michigan Department of Health and Human Services and the Wayne County Department of Health are advising residents in part of Flat Rock to leave their homes in part due to a gas leak believed to have occurred at the Ford Flat Rock assembly plant.

Related – Displacement of flat rock room is recommended for residents due to hazardous fumes from gas leaks

The concern is chemical gasoline, which can be harmful to humans. Airborne measurements in building and sewer lines have rated organic compounds that exceed gasoline levels that are considered safe and / or explosive.

What is the chemical gasoline of concern in flat rock after gas leaks?

Information from disease control centers below

What is gasoline

  • Benzene is a colorless or light yellow liquid at room temperature. It has a sweet smell and is very flammable.
  • Gasoline evaporates quickly into the air. Steam is heavier than air and can sink into low places.
  • Benzene dissolves slightly in water and floats.

Where gasoline is available and how it is used

  • Benzene is a product of both natural processes and human activities.
  • Natural gas sources include volcanoes and forest fires. Gasoline is also a natural component of oil, gasoline and cigarette smoke.
  • Benzene is widely used in the United States. It is found in the top 20 chemicals for production.
  • Some industries use gasoline to make plastics, adhesives, nylon, and other chemicals used to make fibers. Gasoline is used to make certain oils, ointments, dyes, soaps, medicines, and pesticides.

How can you be exposed to gasoline

  • Outdoor air contains low levels of gasoline from tobacco smoke, gas stations, motor vehicle emissions and industrial emissions.
  • Indoor air is generally greater than outdoor gasoline. Gasoline in the indoor air Gasoline comes from products such as glues, paints, furniture wax and soaps.
  • Air around hazardous waste sites or gas stations may have higher levels of gasoline than other areas.
  • Gasoline can contaminate water wells from underground storage tanks or hazardous waste sites.
  • People who work in gasoline-producing industries may be exposed to higher standards.
  • Tobacco smoke is a major source of gasoline exposure.

How gasoline works

  • Benzene works by keeping cells from working properly. For example, bone marrow cells may not produce enough red blood cells, which can lead to anemia. It can also damage the immune system by changing antibodies and preventing the loss of white blood cells.
  • The severity of the poisoning caused by gasoline depends on the amount, route and length of exposure, as well as the age and pre-existing condition of the person exposed.

Signs and symptoms of gasoline exposure immediately

  • People who breathe high doses of gasoline can develop the following signs and symptoms within minutes to several hours.
    • Drowsiness
    • Dizziness
    • Rapid or irregular heartbeat
    • Headache
    • Trembling
    • Confusion
    • Loss of consciousness
    • Death (very high)
  • Foods or beverages that contain high levels of gasoline can cause the following symptoms in minutes to several hours.
    • Vomiting
    • Stomach inflammation
    • Dizziness
    • Sleepiness
    • Trembling
    • Rapid or irregular heartbeat
    • Death (very high)
  • If a person starts vomiting as a result of swallowing gasoline-containing foods or drinks, the vomit can enter the lungs and cause difficulty breathing and coughing.
  • Direct exposure to gasoline to the eyes, skin, or lungs can cause tissue damage and irritation.
  • Showing these signs and symptoms does not mean that a person is exposed to gasoline.

Long-term health effects of gasoline exposure

  • Long-term exposure The main effect of gasoline is on the blood. (Long-term exposure means a year or more of exposure.) Gasoline has a detrimental effect on bone density and can cause red blood cells to shrink, leading to anemia. It can also cause excessive bleeding and damage the immune system, increasing the risk of infection.
  • Some women who have been inhaling gasoline for several months experience irregular periods and reduced ovulation. It is not known whether gasoline exposure in pregnant women affects the developing fetus or in men.
  • Animal studies show low birth weight, delayed bone formation, and bone loss during pregnancy.
  • The Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) has determined that gasoline can cause cancer in humans. Prolonged exposure to high levels of gasoline in the air can lead to cancer of the blood vessels, leukemia.

How to protect yourself, and what to do if you are exposed to gasoline

  • First, if gasoline is released into the air, get out of the gas station and get fresh air. Going out into the open air is a good way to reduce the risk of exposure to gasoline in the air.
    • If gasoline is out of reach, stay away from the area where the gas is released.
    • If the gas leak is in the house, get out of the building.
  • If you are near a gas station, emergency coordinators may tell you to leave the area to avoid exposure to the chemical, or they may tell you to “shelter in the building.” For more information on displacement during a chemical emergency, see “See”Facts about release. “For more information on the shelter during a chemical disaster, see“Facts about accommodation. ”
  • If you think you may be exposed to gasoline, take off your clothes, wash your whole body quickly with soap and water, and seek medical attention as soon as possible.
  • Removing your clothes
    • Quickly remove clothing that may contain gasoline. Any clothing that should be pulled over the head should be cut off instead of being pulled over the head.
    • If you are helping other people remove their clothes, try to avoid touching any contaminated areas and remove them as soon as possible.
  • Bathe yourself
    • Wash your skin with plenty of soap and water as soon as possible. Washing with soap and water helps protect people from any chemicals.
    • If your eyes are burning or your vision is blurred, wash your eyes with clean water for 10 to 15 minutes. If you wear contacts, wash your hands, remove them and wear contaminated clothing. Do not return the contacts to your eyes (although they are not discarded contacts). If you wear glasses, wash them with soap and water. You can wash your glasses and put them back on.
  • Remove your clothes
    • After washing yourself, put your clothes in a plastic bag. Avoid contact with contaminated clothing. If you are unable to avoid touching contaminated areas, or if you are unsure of the location of contaminated areas, wear rubber gloves or use tongs, tool holders, sticks, or similar items in the bag. Anything that comes in contact with contaminated clothing should be kept in the bag.
    • Pack the suitcase, then pack the bag in another plastic bag. Removing your clothes this way will help protect you and other people from any chemicals on your clothes.
    • When your local or regional health department or emergency staff arrives, tell them what you did with your clothes. The health department or emergency personnel will arrange additional evacuation. Do not carry plastic bags yourself.
  • For more information on cleaning your body and removing your clothes after a chemical release, see “See”Chemical Agents – Facts about personal hygiene and removal of contaminated clothing. ”
  • If you think your water supply may contain gasoline, drink bottled water until you are sure your water supply is safe.
  • If someone swallows gasoline, do not try to spit it out or drink liquid. Also, if you are sure the person has swallowed gasoline, do not try CPR. Performing CPR on a person who has swallowed gas may be reversed. Vomiting can enter their lungs and damage their lungs.
  • Seek medical attention immediately. Call 911 and explain what happened.

How to treat gasoline poisoning
Gasoline poisoning is treated with supportive medical care in a hospital setting. There is no specific cure for gasoline poisoning. The most important thing is for the victims to get treatment as soon as possible.

How to find out more about gasoline
People can contact one of the following

  • Regional Poison Control Center: 1-800-222-1222
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
    • Public Response Line (CDC)
      • 800-CD-Info
      • 888-232-6348 (TTY)
    • Email inquiries; cdcinfo@cdc.gov

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