Universities are to play a key role in decarbonation in emerging markets. OilPrice.com

Higher education institutions have a leading role to play in helping emerging economies adapt to climate change and achieve zero-to-zero goals. This role can be divided into approximately two key areas: apply best practices and conduct research. At the end of October, 1050 universities from 68 countries pledged to achieve zero-zero emissions as part of the Times Higher Education Climate Impact Forum.

Over the past year, most of these institutions – about 10 million students, or 4.5% of the world’s total – have pledged to support zero-for-one races within the United Nations Framework Convention. Change.

Other universities have registered since the forum and are expected to join.

Growing economies are well represented in the list. India with the largest number of signatories is India with 336 institutions, followed by 216. For example, there are 14 French universities in the list, and there are 15 universities in Chile.

Within the framework of the forum, the University of Oxford has launched a new initiative called Natural Universities.

Supported by various universities around the world – among them IPB Indonesia, the University of Cape Town, the University of Sao Paulo (USP) and the University of Ghana – this initiative is leading the way in reducing the impact of higher education. Working to relocate the environment, for example, supply chains and restore the local landscape.

Preparing steps

According to the initiative of nature positive universities, higher education institutions can support the transition to zero by applying best practices.

Latin America provides some examples in this regard.

For example, the University of Mexico’s National Autonomous University (UNAM) graduated in 2018 with the University’s Sustainability Coordinator, with the aim of making sustainability a central part of UNAM’s identity, as a national and international reference point.

Related big oil is finally working its way up, and Beden is upset Meanwhile, the USP – Brazil’s leading university – has taken a number of steps to cut carbon offsets, including reducing the use of official vehicles and virtual TIS defenses. USAP also recently established an Interdisciplinary Climate Research Center that connects researchers on a variety of topics.

Indeed, the importance of climate change education in Latin America as a whole is growing. In March of this year, the Argentine government approved a law that will implement the National Education Strategy at all levels.

In contrast, education systems in other regions still do not pay enough attention to climate change.

According to a recent UNESCO report, in Southeast Asia – a region particularly vulnerable to the effects of climate change – the topic remains “a major topic in both academic research and practice”.

Driving research

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Similarly, by setting themselves up as an example of sustainability, universities can take the lead in research to play a key role in clearing zero – and climate-related issues.

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This study may have a broad, global focus, but it may also focus on adapting general principles to a specific national or environmental context, such as designing knowledge-based strategies for developing mitigation and adaptation measures. This is something that universities – both locally and internationally – are uniquely well positioned.

In Africa, South African universities are conducting a study on climate change.

Stellenbosch University (SU), for example, boasts a variety of courses in the field. At the undergraduate level, SU offers courses in Development and Environment, Geoinformatics and Conservation Ecology. Postgraduate students can take courses in local government or sustainable development, and there are also options in water and environmental engineering as well as a master’s degree and a PhD.

In addition, SU graduated from the School of Climate Studies earlier this year. The initiative aims to support the transition to a sustainable, low-carbon economy by combining public and private sector climate strategies.

In other parts of the country, the University of South Africa in Pretoria has conducted various studies on climate change, such as how to strengthen water security to reduce conflict in Africa.

However, despite these and other pioneering initiatives on the continent, recent studies have identified issues that prevent many African higher education institutions from becoming climate change leaders. These issues are limited knowledge among employees; High poverty rate, restricting registration; And weak research infrastructure in African countries.

By Oxford Business Group

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