Indonesia is facing a number of natural disasters due to climate change, and it is determined to receive 29% of its carbon emissions unconditionally, and 41% by international aid by 2030. , Mandatory international agreement in November 2016.
“That cannot be achieved by the government alone, or in the business world alone, by universities and non-governmental organizations [non-governmental organisations] Only. Jat Supritana, a senior lecturer at the University of Indonesia and chair of the Center for Climate Change Research, said we need to work together in one drive. University World News. “It’s a big deal that requires a lot of money,” he added.
According to the 2018 United Nations Convention on Climate Change, Indonesia needs to invest about $ 250 billion to prevent climate change.
He said the primary focus on reducing carbon emissions is to convert them into renewable energy. We rely heavily on fossil fuels and coal-fired power, and PLN, a state-owned electricity company, is slowing down the transition to renewable energy.
He said local communities are ready to switch to alternative energy sources and universities could help implement alternative energy plans. “There is a lot of research on student power. As part of their compulsory courses, we will send our final year students to the villages to find alternative energy. It works well, ”said Supritana.
Students from other universities were active. Last year, three students in central Java invented a non-polluting wind turbine at DePongoro University, based in Semarang.
The three students call Farid Muulana, Almaz Rizki and Inda Setini the “Spectator”, an Indonesian acronym for wind power.System Pimankankit Lystric Storm Angin Barbasis Pieelectric]) And won a gold medal in the University’s new and renewable energy competition.
In November, a group of students at the Celluh Institute of Technology invented a wave-powered water column technology. Their invention is now being tested in several coastal villages in eastern Java.
At the University of Malikusalah, students are helping local Islamic boarding schools to install and use solar cell technology. In the past, boarding schools have been contaminated with noise and diesel generators. They are now in power.
People are ready to move on to renewable materials
The government has no choice but to go with green energy to fulfill its commitment to climate change and fulfill its constitutional obligation to provide equal power to its people. However, the business world as a whole is showing a very slow response, said Superiyana. It is their nature to see what they can get out of it.
Nevertheless, some corporations are showing commitment to green businesses. “Many banks are now reluctant to finance oil palm development projects because they want huge forest lands. They also reject coal mining projects. Unfortunately, most of these banks are foreign banks, ”said Fakrudin Mangunjaya, a senior lecturer at Nasonal University, a private university in Jakarta.
According to Supriatna, local communities are taking the lead. “I once visited an island in the eastern province of Nusa. All the houses in a village use solar energy. I wonder. You are not just ready to switch to alternative power. They are already doing it. ”
In other parts of the country, he met people using small hydro turbines to generate electricity using small rivers. “Micro-hydroelectric power will bring the local economy to life,” says Supratna.
The two places he mentioned are not used by PLN for cost reasons. “PLN does not have the capacity to serve such remote villages,” he said. In some areas where PLN operates, locals say they wanted to sell surplus micro-hydro energy to PLN, but the power company rejected them.
“Because of the price [demanded] It was higher than the standard price of PLN. Of course, the cost of electricity for the population is high because PNN is subsidized. Another reason is that PLN wants to keep its own monopoly on electricity.
The shift is still small
Mangunjaya, an advocate for global climate change, says that although some people are turning to renewable energy, it is still very small.
“I went to the villages of Beria, Sumatra. They have built a micro hydro power plant, but the power available and the number of homes provided are still very limited. New and renewable energy requires great pressure. And it requires a huge investment; He said University World News.
According to Mangojaya, Indonesia has significantly reduced carbon emissions due to forestry and vegetation from 2016 to 2018.
Prior to the ban, 85 percent of Indonesia’s carbon emissions came from islands exposed to forest fires, traditional mediation, and illegal logging.
Universities have played a significant role in this success. We will disseminate knowledge and information on environmental hazards, ”said Mangujaja.
“For environmental training, we provide mentors Katib [Friday prayer narrator] About land prices. We even publish Friday sermons on peas. This is important because the majority of the population near the villages is Muslim.
In September 2016, according to the University of Nassau, the Indonesian Ulema Council ruled that harming Petland was a violation of Sharia or Islamic law. Following the ordinance, Friday prayer counselors were advised on agricultural lands and the publication of the Friday Guide to the Value of Fish.
Mangunjaya said the use of pastoral prayer speakers is more effective in conveying the important values of Petland. “People there listen to the Imam and Katib, Not for academics, activists or politicians. That’s why the solution works. ”