The study calls for stricter restrictions on oil and coal to prevent overheating

Researchers who estimate how much of the world’s coal, oil, and natural gas reserves must remain unburned to reduce climate change emissions say these extra fossil fuels should be left in the ground.

Researchers from the University of London College say that the 2015 estimates should have been updated.

They now estimate that the Paris Agreement requires about 60% of the world’s oil and gas reserves and 90% of the world’s coal reserves to be met in order to achieve the climate goals.

These restrictions give them a 50-50 chance of limiting global temperatures to 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit) compared to pre-industrial times, according to a study in Wednesday’s journal Nature.

“We believe that the recent rise in world oil and fossil methane gas production will add weight to recent research,” said Dan Welby, an energy and environmental researcher at University College London. . Global production demand is declining by an average of 3 percent (up to 2050) by 2050.

Exhaust emissions from electricity, transportation, and other fuels have long been known to attract carbon dioxide into fossil fuels, as well as carbon dioxide. Scientists say that such hot gases are causing global warming and extreme weather events.

It would have been better for the world leaders to limit it to 1.5 degrees Celsius before the 2015 Paris Agreement was reached and the pledge was lowered below 2.6 degrees Fahrenheit (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit).

The study, conducted by University College London scientists, also looked at how many countries have fossil fuels up to 2 degrees Celsius. They found that one-third of the oil reserves, half of the gas reserves, and 80% of the coal reserves needed to remain in the ground.

The emissions reductions presented in this recent study significantly increase the amount of fossil fuels needed to stay in the country to achieve Paris’ goals.

The study comes less than a month after the Global Climate Change Panel reported that by 2030, global warming will reach 1.530 degrees Fahrenheit in five conditions. Scientific Communication Any heating above 1.5 degrees Celsius can cause serious damage, such as extinction.

Reacting to the IPCC report, Wellsby said it wanted to address the issue of climate change.

Dr. Philip J. Landrigan, Editor-in-Chief of Global Health Analysis, said the paper emphasizes the importance of government and corporate policy in curbing global warming. “Countries and organizations must adjust their targets and leave oil, gas and coal in the ground,” Landerigan said.

His magazine was one of more than 200 health and medical publications published by an editor on Sunday urging world leaders to take urgent action to curb global warming.

In the editorial, medical and public health professionals highlight the impact of climate change.

Dr. Renee Salas, who works in the emergency department of Massachusetts General Hospital, said she has been affected by climate change, such as heatstroke and respiratory problems.

Although everyone is vulnerable to the effects of climate change, children, the elderly, the poor, and the underprivileged bear an unbalanced burden.

A report released by the US Environmental Protection Agency last week found that poor people and people of color are being affected by extreme temperatures, floods, and air pollution.

Golfport Catherine Egland, Mississippi In 2005, her home was destroyed by a hurricane. Extreme hurricanes and hurricanes in 2020 caused an additional $ 12,000 loss. So she spent most of her vacation this week helping the Gulf Coast residents survive and survive Hurricane Ida.

As chair of the National Association for the Development of the Environment and Climate Justice Committee, she noted how the region’s poor and minorities suffer from the effects of climate change.

Welcoming the findings of the new climate study, Igland said she was disappointed that world leaders had not taken further action to reduce global warming.

“Often when these reports come out, frontline communities say, ‘OK, we knew that very well.’ And we recommend keeping it all in the ground. And we listen to the reasons why that is not possible, but we know it has to be done.


Follow Dire Kostley on Twitter @rewcostley


The Associated Press Department of Health and Science receives support from Howard Hughes Medical Science Department. A.P. Only responsible for all content.

Leave a Comment