The race to produce ‘super-sized’ wind turbines was held

The Halide-X wind turbine was photographed in the Netherlands on March 2, 2022. The Haliade-X is part of a larger generation of new turbines that could be installed in the coming years.

Peter Bor | Bloomberg | Getty Images

In the not too distant future, the water, 15 miles from the Martha Vineyard, will be home to a crucial part of America’s future energy.

Construction of Wind Farm 1 began last year and the facility will use 13MW versions of GE renewable energy-X turbines. Up to 260 meters (853 feet), rotor diameter 220 meters and 107 meters razor, Hyde-A is part of a new generation of turbines to be installed in the coming years.

In addition to Gee, other companies are also working on the big turbine. A.D. In August 2021, China’s Mingyang Smart Energy unveiled a 264-meter-high design using an 118-meter blade.

Elsewhere, Danish company Vestas is developing a 15-megawatt turbine with a rotor diameter of 236 meters and 115.5 meters, while Siemens Gesa Renewable Energy is developing a 108 meter blade and a 222 meter rotor diameter turbine.

The reasons for the increase in these rates are obvious. When it comes to altitude, turbine towers, the US Department of Energy says “as the wind rises in general, the wind blows and they get taller to hold more power.”

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The larger rotor diameter is not just for viewing, DOE said, “allowing wind turbines to clear more space, hold more wind and generate more electricity.”

It’s the same with lazy people. The DOE says the long razor “can hold more wind than short knives – even in areas with relatively low winds.”

Large turbines are good to enter the market, but their large size poses challenges for the sector, ranging from medium to long, which can lead to headaches.

The shape of a ship

Take loads. A February study by Restad Energy confirmed some issues related to ships used to build marine wind turbines.

Not to mention China, wind turbines have “grown in recent years. In 2010, it increased by an average of 3 megawatts to 6.5MW, ”he said.

He explained that this change could be permanent. Between 2010 and 2021, turbines larger than 8 MW will cover 3% of international installations, but this percentage is projected to increase to 53% by 2030. “

The above information applies only to coastal wind turbines. According to Energy Research and Business Intelligence, the demand for ships capable of installing large marine turbines by 2024 is even greater than supply.

Operators will have to invest in new ships or upgrade existing ones to install the largest turbines expected to become standard by the end of the decade, or the wind speed will be reduced.

Martin Turis, a senior analyst at Restad Energy Ships and Ships, said: Time.

As operators continue to support large turbines, Lisine says a “new generation of purposeful ships” is needed to meet demand.

These special ships are not cheap. For example, the US Dominican Energy Company is building a 472-foot charibedis, costing about $ 500 million and current turbines and next generation 12MW or more. As turbines grow, more ships, such as the Charybdis, will be needed.

According to Restad Energy Analysis, only a handful of existing purpose vessels can install 10MW + turbines, and none currently install 14MW + turbines. “This will change to 2025 as new constructions begin to take shape and existing vessels receive crane upgrades.”

Ports

Ships transporting and loading turbines will be useful in the coming years, but the ports they are loading are another area where investment and upgrades are needed to meet wind power growth.

In an email to CNBC, Rystad Energy’s Lysne described the port infrastructure as “very important” in terms of the ship.

Cargo ships docked in Austin, Belgium. Industries in the wind power sector are demanding greater investment in port infrastructure to cope with the rapid expansion of wind farms.

Philip Clement / Artera | Universal Images Group | Getty Images

It looks like a lot of money will be needed in the future. According to a report released by the European Union (EU) in May, European ports should invest 5 6.5 billion ($ 7.07 billion) by 2030 “to support coastal wind expansion”.

The report looks at the new reality of large turbines and the potential impact this will have on ports and infrastructure. He said upgraded or completely new facilities are needed to accommodate large turbines and large markets.

Ports “need to expand their territory, strengthen their passenger traffic, develop deep seaports and carry out other civil works,” he said.

A recent report from the Global Wind Power Council underscores the importance of the port.

“As coastal wind projects expand and commercial-level floating wind projects expand, port upgrades will be critical to the future success of the industry,” he said.

The Brussels-based company says 15MW turbines are on the rise over the past decade, with 15MW turbines on the market.

“Experts predict that by 1735, 17 MW turbines will become commonplace,” he said, adding that projects centered on offshore wind turbines are under construction.

These “floating projects” required “large quantities of storage and consolidation, additional facilities, land-based transport links in port areas and deep ports.”

“Several governments, from Taiwan to New York State, have identified the need for port upgrades to boost maritime winds.”

As wind turbines grow in size, the vessels used to transport their components also need to adapt.

Andrew Matthews – Pa Images | Pa Images | Getty Images

“US – the current coastal wind market is small – requires more work because it does not have the same infrastructure as Europe,” Restad Energy Lisene told CNBC.

There seems to be a change for the better. In early March, BP and Eququinor – two companies known as oil and gas producers – signed an agreement to convert the South Brooklyn Naval Terminal into a beach port.

In an announcement, Equinor said the port would be “an excellent host facility for Equinor and BP Empire wind and beacon projects”. He said the site would be “a destination for coastal wind projects in the region”. Infrastructure investment is expected to reach $ 200 million to $ 250 million.

The road ahead

All of the above feeds on the importance of infrastructure and logistics. Shashi Bala, head of global wind supply and technology at Wood McKenzie, told CNBC that despite the technological capabilities of companies, logistics challenges remain “extremely difficult.”

“This is nothing new. We have been talking about logistics challenges since the beginning of the industry,” she said. “That’s it … we are kind now, today, we are getting closer to the destination.”

Major economies around the world are planning to increase their wind energy capacity to reduce our dependence on oil.

As the number of wind turbines increases, so do logistical challenges in the sector. This image shows a 69-meter-long rotor blade transported in Germany since August 2021.

Endrik Baublies | Estoc Editorial | Getty Images

While these goals may be overwhelming, they are not insurmountable. Although there are issues with the size of the turbine, it takes a lot of effort to bring all these loads online. There is work to be done.

“The ever-increasing, lack of infrastructure is seen as a major impediment to the growth of the wind industry,” the GWW report said.

“In many countries, the lack of infrastructure such as grid and transmission networks, logistics highways and ports is hampering the expansion of wind power and hampering innovation needed to change the energy system,” he added.

Alongside these issues, the interaction of wind turbines with wildlife could be another major debate.

Last week, the US Department of Justice announced that ISI Energy Inc. had been convicted of three counts of violating the MBTA, or the Migratory Bird Treaty Act.

As the 21st century progresses, wind power is ready to expand, but the road ahead is smooth. UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon recently warned that the planet was “asleep” due to climate change.

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