The oil industry still does not tell us.

Four executives from Big Oil – “the richest and most powerful industry in human history” – appeared before Congress on Thursday to explain how the oil trade has weakened the government’s response to climate change.

The council’s oversight and improvement committee asked Exxon Mobile, BP, Chevron and Shell executives to the presidents of two powerful lobby groups, the US Petroleum Institute (API) and the US Chamber of Commerce. The Democratic Legislative Council, which oversees the committee, questioned the executives about how their institutions had misled the public and funded false information campaigns that threatened climate change.

But the managers, witnessing in practice, were an escape. “As science develops and grows, our understanding has improved,” said Darren Woods, chief executive of Exxon Mobile. Republican lawmakers have argued that the trial is a mockery.

Big Oil’s big secrets about climate change can be revealed when any paperwork committee can get their hands on it. For 40 years, the oil industry has been working to delay and disrupt its profitability policies, although its own scientists have warned that burning fossil fuels could lead to climate change. Attach thousands of pages in the public archive – from accusations, leaks, and hidden videos – that show how the oil industry has grown to deny climate change.

The control committee asked for more Documents since 2015, however, have so far seen witnesses “unable to adequately meet the committee’s request,” a statement from the Democratic Legislature said. When asked to comment, the API spokesman said the team was actively working to honor it and had prepared thousands of pages in response to their inquiries.

After a five-hour inquiry, Carolyn Maloni (D-NY), chairwoman of the House Steering Committee, said she had only received financial reports, social media posts and press reports and would file a subpoena for documents the committee did not receive. Existing public releases. The Maloney Committee asked for detailed financial support information, board notes, and senior executive contacts to help “understand the fees paid to shadow groups and more than 150 public relations companies and advertisements on social media.”

“I do not take this step lightly,” Maloni said.

Representative Ro Kana (DCA) spoke at the hearing on October 28, 2021, at the Home Inspection Committee.
Ting Shen / Bloomberg by Getty Images

Climate advocates hope this time will be a turning point for accountability in the oil industry, as Congress explores other industries that are more profitable than misleading the public, including tobacco, asbestos and lead companies. Kurt Davis, founder and director of the Climate Research Center, which has compiled its own database of oil documents, says: “That’s the drama of this week’s show of how and when it will come and how much you can do to blur that.”

What secrets are oil companies still keeping from the public? There are at least five key areas that Congress can explore to find out the truth about Big Oil’s impact on climate change. Democrats’ documents can provide a complete and up-to-date picture of the oil industry’s climate change goals. Some say it aims at zero-zero emissions over the next decade, but they It could be hot air.

How much did the oil industry spend to break the law?

According to an Exxon mobile lobbyist, the company has worked with “shadow groups” to oppose previous efforts to control the fossil fuel industry.

In June, environmental group Greenpeace published a video showing lobbyist Keith Makoi saying he thought it was a recruitment call. “Have we fought hard against some science? Yes, ”said Makoi. “Did we hide science? Absolutely not. Have we joined some of these ‘shadow groups’ to oppose some of the earlier efforts? Yes, that’s right. But there is nothing illegal about that. You know, we were protecting our investments. We were looking for our shareholders.” Makoi will no longer work for Exmonmobile.

Similarly, an honest acceptance of petroleum products for climate change may be hidden in their records.

Oil companies have finally promised to change, but how much of their climate commitment is just a green wash?

According to Makoi, an Exxon mobile lobbyist at Greenpeace, the company has been supporting the carbon tax, which will increase the cost of fossil fuels.

“No one levies a tax on all Americans, and for me, folks, yes, we know that. But it gives us the point of discussion, ‘OK, why the Exxon mobile? Well, we are a carbon tax. ” Says Makoi.

There is also a method called greenwashing, in which other oil companies increase their climate records. A.D. In December 2019, the world’s five largest oil companies spent a total of $ 3.6 billion on advertising over the past 30 years. One of Exxon’s latest marketing efforts is promoting its investment in algae fuel for research. Anyone who looks at these ads can expect Exxon to spend a significant portion of its budget on algae when it reaches 0.2 percent.

Despite the talk, the oil industry seems to be loyal to its core products. “This does not mean that BP is leaving the oil and gas business,” said David Lauler, CEO of BP America.

Who calls the bullets for politicians and groups who reject climate change?

According to eco-news outlet Grist, astronomy is “a fantasy of public support for a purpose. Instead of expressing their skepticism about climate science or directly promoting controversial policies, oil companies and their partners have invested heavily in other companies that promote their priorities.

One example is the American Securities and Exchange Commission (ALEC). Prior to leaving the council in 2018, the company received more than $ 1.7 million from Exxon and its partners. ALEC has been pushing for model legislation in the states to change restrictions on renewable portfolio standards and plastic bags. . Between 1998 and 2014, Exxon led corporate donors to provide $ 31 million to special needs groups that resist climate change.

This is a small overview of Big Oil’s assistance to third parties. People still do not know what, exactly, what the aid is.

How timely can the polarization industry come from previous false information campaigns on climate change?

A.D. In 2015, the LA Times and Inside Climate News published a series of surveys, urging scientists in the oil industry to consider how to keep global warming in their internal notes, such as the 1960s. Instead of listening to these calls, Exxon has teamed up with other major oil companies to form a coalition that violates the 1998 Climate Agreement.

From LA Times ፡

How did the world’s largest oil company, a leader in climate research, become a major public skeptic?

The response from archived company documents and memories of former employees was that Exxon was concerned that the growing public consensus, now known as Exxon Mobile, would put a strain on the monetary policy.

What are the ultimate goals of Big Oil’s marketing push?

The oil industry is one of the most lucrative deals with consulting and public relations teams that has helped Big Oil gain a good reputation.

Davis, of the Climate Research Center, wonders what the oil industry considers public relations to be a “success.” Who measures the success of these ads? You are spending millions of dollars on these ads, how do you measure success? ” He added.

Lighting up the PR world can push big companies to do it. Consider cutting off contact with oil giants.

There are also allegations that oil companies are trying to market themselves. Thursday’s hearing in the Republic of Canada may be only the first in a series to reach the final stage of the oil industry campaign, and the second is focused on working with oil companies in the PR industry.

“We have a lot of documents that go back 40 years,” said Harvard science professor Naomi Orescus before the hearing.

On Thursday, the company’s executives said their position reflects the impressive scientific agreement that fossils can bring about climate change. However, the industry did not focus on climate change policy in its lobby operations.

The four oil companies present at the hearing spent $ 453 million with the API to persuade the federal government over the past decade, according to an analysis released by the House’s oversight committee on Thursday. According to the analysis, the industry is more concerned with protecting tax breaks for oil than on protecting the planet.

For example, the industry has publicly stated its support for the Paris Climate Agreement, but only eight of the 4,597 lobby examples in Congress have been considered. The industry spends more than half of its time on tax-related matters.

“I don’t think we need more research on what these companies have done and how they continue to spread the truth, distort the truth and spread dangerous acts,” Oresx said in a call to our revolution. But she thinks the court can help the public understand this. “We lied. We have to work to get that message right.”

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