The experimental particle physics can have a direct dark energy.

Some 25 years ago, astronomers discovered something very interesting about the universe. Thanks to Edwin Hubble’s observation, it has been in vogue since the 1920s. But thanks to astronomers, the famous astronomer (The Hubble Space Telescope), Began to realize how fast the space expansion expands!

This led to the idea that the universe is full of invisible and mysterious energy, known as the Dark Energy (DE). Decades later, scientists are trying to identify 70% of the universe’s energy budget. According to a recent study by an international team of researchers, the XENON1T experiment may have already discovered this unknown force, which opens up new opportunities for future DE research.

The study was led by Dr. Sonny Vagnozi, a researcher at the Kavley Cosmology Institute (KICC) at the University of Cambridge, and Dr. Luca Visinelli Fellowship for Innovation (FELLINI), with the support of Marie. INFN). He has joined researchers from the Institute de Physics Theory (IPhT), the University of Cambridge and the University of Hawaii.

Both DM and DE are part of the Lambda Cold Dark Matter (LCDM) cosmology model, which fills the universe with cold, slow-moving particles (DMs) that interact with normal matter only by gravity. Lamda represents the DE who is accelerating the expansion of the universe. Since they are known only for their impact on the massive structure of the universe, conventional thinking suggests that no force can be connected to normal matter by electromagnetism or weak or strong nuclear energy.

However, some DM concepts suggest that there is some degree of interaction with what they are actively trying to do. However, rather than further test results, it is unclear how astrophysics and cosmologists comply with the physical laws governing the DE universe. So far, candidates have included Einstein’s general relativity (GR), the discovery of a new field, or the improvement of Cosmology Constant (CC). “

“Because of this, the energy of darkness is more mysterious than the material of darkness. From the seminal work on Supernova 1A, we see the power of darkness in many observations as standard candles. If we assume that the force of darkness is indeed a field, the quantum associated with it is much lighter and carries less energy. This is why the search for these types of searches is so small.

Their work is based on a new study on how DE affects light properties (ie, polarization, color, direction) beyond the standard LCDM cosmological model. However, these interactions may be subject to screening methods that prevent them from accessing local experiments. In this model, it predicts that a dark energy quintal may occur in the sun.

XENON1T Search

XENON1T detection, shown below. Credit: XENOX Collaboration

According to Dr. Vagnozi, the connection between purification and the forces of darkness came to him one day when he took a bath.

“I remember it was June 20. I was taking a shower and meditating on the sun (not) XENON, and I realized that the obvious way out is to filter out dense stars. Is attached, and ‘click’.

“I immediately linked Lucan to WhatsApp and we started working on it right away (and we talked to our other partners who specialize in pure dark energy / advanced gravity models).

The team, led by Dr. Vagnozi and Dr. Vicilini, is a DM research team comprising 135 researchers from 22 institutions around the world, based on XENON data. At the core of their experiment, 3,500 kg (7,715 pounds) of ultra-pure liquid xenon was placed in a 10 m (32.8 ft) water tank. XENON at INFN Laboratoi Nazionali del Gran Sasso is very secretive in addition to the DM experiments that have been carried out so far.

A.D. In 2020, the partnership published their test results (2016-2018), highlighting unexpected electronic recycling events. According to the collaboration, this did not result in DM detection but could be expressed in terms of the small amount of tritium, the presence of a new particle (such as an ax) or an unknown property in neutrinos.

High PMT negotiation

Maximum PMT negotiation with all electrical cables. Credit Writing XENON Dark Case Project

For their research, however, they suggested that the team led by Vagnozi and Vizeneli could be the first direct discovery of DE. Vagnozi said:

“In our model, dark energy has unique properties: the mass is related to the density of the environment, so dense materials resist the effects of dark energy, and simple areas such as interlective space allow long distances.

In this model, the chameleon is produced in the solar region, where the electromagnetic field is the strongest, in Tachholin, where the energy transport in the sun is transmitted from radiation. To convective. The high intensity of electromagnetic radiation in the region allows for a strong connection between the field and the product.

If so, this means that experiments around the world, which are currently focused on dark matter research, could lead to dark energy hunting. To this end, Dr. Vagnozi and Dr. Vicilini hope that this study will be of interest to DE particle models and that the search for these invisible particles can be done in parallel with the DMM search. If nothing else, these experiments will test the theories about DE above the LCDM model, helping scientists narrow down the list of candidates. Dr. Viceline said:

“Many other experiments designed for the dark matter may contain information about these chameleons, and we hope to consider future settings for these searches. We plan to study the product of the champion and meet with experts for updates.

Illustris Dark Matter Simulation

Illustris simulation, shows the distribution of dark matter in 350 million by 300,000 light years. The galaxies are seen as dense white dots (left) and normal, barionic material (right). Credit Lite Markus Haider / Illustris

In a recent article, Dr. Vagnozizi and Dr. Vicenelli explored whether the dispersion of pure elasticity between dark energy and barionic material could leave a visible impression on cosmological observations. You have decided that this is not possible, at least for observations such as linear evolution of space structure, such as Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) and the collection of large-scale structures at the linear level.

However, Dr. Vagnozi is working with a PhD. A student in Munich to extend this study and to predict the implications of DE’s interaction with the formal issue. In particular, they want to examine the impact of this huge structure on the universe, as well as on non-linear structures of galaxies and galaxies. In the coming years, along with a large number of surveys that will benefit the next generation of telescopes, astronomers and cosmologists will say, “In the Dark Universe!” They can shine on.

First published by Universe today.

Read on for more XENON1T testing in this study.

Reference to “Direct Finding the Power of Darkness, XENON1T Profit and Future Promises” by Sunny Vagnozzi, Luca Visinelli, Philippe Brax, Anne-Christine Davis and Jeremy Sakstein, September 15, 2021; Physical Assessment d.
DOI ፡ 10.1003 / PhysRevD.104.063023

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