More than 10,000 closed garbage dumps and approximately 450,000 brown fields (hazardous waste) are lying all over the United States. Plant-free and unstructured, planting solar farms in brown areas, converting them into “bright plains” or reusing land that is not for the benefit of the community. According to RMI, A Non-Profit Energy Non-profit organization entitled “Future Landscaping Bright’s How State and Local Governments Can Use Solar Energy for Clean Energy and Works for Communities Across the United States.”
“For two main reasons, landfills are attractive places for local solar power projects,” the report said. “First, most cities and counties have or are actively managing or operating waste bins. Having control over space puts planning and procurement decisions directly into the hands of the community.
In addition, landfills cannot be easily recycled. And some have been moved to open spaces or golf courses, saying, “Most of them have no planned benefits in the future. Therefore, installing solar panels on landfills will prevent land use from colliding with other economic, agricultural, residential or recreational activities. “
The implications of installing solar panels on empty brown plains are enormous. RMI Urban Transformation Team Manager and co-author Matthew PopkinUntouched solar capacity represents 63 gigabytes of energy stored in closed waste bins. That’s itOne-third of the nation’s current solar output “has enough electricity to power South Carolina,” he said.
In addition to cultivating unused land, the benefits of building on closed landfills are exposed to the sun, lack of infrastructure, economic and neighborhood revitalization, job creation, income generation through lease contracts and environmental justice, because landfills often come down. – Income communities.
“When I look at the closed landfill, I don’t see any old landfill, I see opportunities for creative land use,” Popkin said. “The use of closed waste bins to secretly generate clean electricity can be a great and better benefit.
Most of the country’s closed landfills are located in states such as Texas (over 2,000), and most consumption areas are in New England – although the Northeast accounts for only 7% of all brown fields. Massachusetts, Connecticut, New York, and New Jersey host nearly 75 percent of Bunfield’s solar projects, which can generate 500 megawatts of electricity. Mass. It handles 52 percent of all projects, partly because of good policies such as the Massachusetts SMART program, which encourages landfill solar projects with incentives.
“They are encouraging non-green areas,” Popkin said. “These are states that are clear in their policies and actions.”
In particular, local governments are leading the way in the construction of wastewater treatment plants, accounting for 79 percent of these projects and often behind the scenes, especially in states with poor policies, Popkin said.
For example, Popkin highlighted the project in the Houston Sunnis community, and local leaders “reconsidered and redesigned what the now-closed garbage can could be in the sun and other community facilities. This includes up to 52 megawatts of utility and community solar, battery storage and agricultural center and training center, all of which are planned for local employment and community partnerships, ”the report said.
The 240-acre[240 ha]landfill, mainly located in a black neighborhood, was closed in 1974 when a lethal lead was discovered. It has been closed since then. Once completed, the new solar deal represents the largest such waste disposal facility and the second largest brown field solar plant in the country. A brief description like RMI About the project.
Houston Mayor Silvester Turner said in a statement: “It is our responsibility and responsibility to look at historically unpredictable areas and find ways to lift these communities.”
As waste sunshine becomes more common, states can encourage their own legislative activities, such as utilities from Buranfield Field, to create clear incentives for bright field projects and encourage community solar projects on landfills. Local governments can promote solar development on landfills by planning ahead in closing plans and conducting environmental assessments and site surveys – which can hinder developers from thinking about space.
“No one can say ‘this is the solution’ to change neighborhoods, but it is definitely part of that,” he said.