LOS ANGELES – In a bid to recover the missing anchor chain, a work boat pulled a hook that was hanging on the beach near an oil rig off the coast of Southern California. But he stopped something else – from the highest elevation to the beach with crude oil.
Once a 197-foot boat sank, it dragged the pipeline until it cracked at the feet of one of the excavations. The spilled oil created a long, slippery slope on the Ventura County coast northwest of Los Angeles.
The May 1991 disaster provides a snapshot of the environmental catastrophes and trade-offs along the network of oil pipelines and pipelines from the world’s most famous beaches in southern California. The unstable relationship is being tested again after a leak from Huntington Beach Bay killed birds and fish this month.
The event has renewed calls for an end to drilling off the coast and comes at a time when climate change and reliance on fossil fuels continue. It also raises questions about the health of old equipment, restrictions on government safety, how much companies are willing to invest in repairs, and whether it is reasonable to have drilling infrastructure and pipelines near one of the world’s busiest port buildings.
The latest flow includes a pipeline that runs three miles of gas stations several miles south of Los Angeles. First Owner ll l Oil He started working on the beta unit in 1980, and estimates that the operation will last for 35 years.
They are now in their fourth decade.
Houston-based Amplified Energy Corporation owns the platforms and pipelines, which was previously owned by Memory Production Partners. After a loss in 2017.
A.D. In 2011, Beta sought and received permission to replace two pipelines operating between the platforms – one for inspection of previously used oil rust and one for “federal use” documents.
Mioko Sakashita, a biological diversity center that opposes offshore drilling, said the removal of the old pipelines should be a sign that they are in danger.
“I am very concerned about the corrosion and age of the pipeline in the middle of the stage, but this has been ignored,” she said. California’s coastal oil infrastructure is getting old and declining and should be removed immediately.
There are 27 oil and gas stations off the coast of California. According to a report released last year by the California-based Aquarium in California, federal officials over the age of 23 are in their 30s and 50s and are in the depths of 95 feet to 1,200 feet. Land Commission in charge of government pipelines.
Half of the platforms are still producing oil, which flows from the wells to the platforms to the refineries like a recent pipeline network.
Environmentalists have complained about poor federal regulation by pipeline companies. A report from the Office of the Guardian of Public Accountability in April found that officials found fundamental problems with how to control those lines – a fact that was recognized in early 2007.
The report focuses on 8,600 miles along the Gulf of Mexico. The Department of the Interior’s Office of Safety and Environmental Protection allows companies to use unreliable methods to identify leaks and has not systematically monitored whether pipelines are moving or exposed due to strong waves or changes in the sea.
Home Affairs Minister Deb Haland acknowledged the problems and said new laws could be finalized next year. Those include significant changes to the criteria for identifying leaks, inspections, pipelines, and other areas, said Laura Daniel-Davis, the agency’s deputy secretary for land and mining management, in a letter to the GAO released last month.
A few pipelines in the Pacific Ocean and the Gulf can be closely followed by the California coast, said John Smith, who has spent more than three decades with the Oil and Gas Production Agency, the Ocean Energy Management Bureau, and more. Former Mining Management Service.
But he added that the leak of Amplify will test whether this control is sufficient for the predictions of decades ago.
A.D. In 1991, the Federal Mining Administration predicted a 94 percent reduction in Southern California for more than 30 years. This estimate was released shortly after the Hintington beach and Newport Beach sank and the pipeline that created the slide in Ventura County was cut off.
The oil industry – a source of 150,000 jobs in California and millions of dollars in government taxes over the past century – with local-minded government, national leader in renewable energy banning the sale of new gasoline – by 2035 passenger cars and trucks.
A new oil and gas lease was banned in government waters after the fall of Santa Barbara in 1969. Now US Representative Michel Steel wants to temporarily block Orange County Republican cargo ships from landing off the coast of the county to prevent a “environmental and public health crisis”.
Oil production in the Pacific Ocean has declined by 90 percent since 1995, and no new drilling rents have been sold since the early 1980s. When the raw materials under the California Coast Guard are depleted, that means a thin industry profit.
“It is very difficult for them to invest heavily in equipment and pipelines,” said Smith.
Coast guard investigators estimate that the line is anchored by one of the thousands of cargo ships using the Long Beach and Los Angeles twin ports each year. The pipe is bent up to 105 feet, the concrete slab cracks, and then it can be hit with other anchors.
A.D. Safety checks in 2015, 2017, and 2019 found abnormalities in the amplified pipeline, including previously repaired metal losses and three teeth. But many experts who have reviewed the reports say that iron deficiency – which may be a sign of aging due to aging – was relatively small. The hooks were not in the same area as the spill.
“It is one of the cleanest lines I have ever seen,” he told the State Land Commission, which oversees pipelines through government waters.
The inspection reports were obtained by the Associated Press at the request of public records.
Smith, now an oil and gas industry consultant, said he could not be blamed for the problem in the amplifier case because the pipeline was so large and heavy since it was hijacked in 1991.
“This is very difficult to move. You need more impact to pull 100 feet. ”