Spanish energy cooperatives are leading the way in exploiting solar energy

S.The government has announced that some recent renewable energy allocations will be made smaller by large fractions than large energy companies can afford.

The move shows a change in attitude after a series of governments defeated the demands of power experts.

Cooperatives in rural and urban areas are trying to break away from major electricity suppliers, which have been in high demand in recent years.

Christina Alonso, energy spokeswoman for Earth Friends, described the government’s apparent change of heart as “a good measure – but it does not promote energy communities because it does not define who they are.” These must be democratic and expressive.

A.D. Since the so-called “solar tax” in 2018, solar energy has accelerated. The right-wing government imposed this on independent consumers in 2015, in fact by losing revenue to power companies. Consumers were also required to donate their remaining energy to the grid.

Without oil or gas and plenty of coal, sunlight is Spain’s biggest source of energy, but it remains untapped. According to the Spanish Electric Network By 6.20% of the renewable energy by 2020, only 6.1% came from solar power, mostly wind (21.7%) and nuclear (22.2%).

Germany By 2020, it will have 1,896 hours of sunlight, but about 3,000 hours in Spain, three times as much as Germany.

In countries where many people live in the same family, everyone can decide to install solar panels. In Spain, however, 66.5% of the population lives in apartment blocks, often a mix of landlords and tenants, so the situation is more complicated.

One solution to the problem of trying to persuade everyone to invest in renewable energy for a multi-storey building is to install solar panels on the roofs of factories and factories and warehouses such as schools. Provide electricity to neighboring homes and businesses.

The Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) Sustainability Observer has launched a roofing campaign for 155,400GWh, which will be enough for 7.5 million people over six years.

This is what the Athletic Bilbao Football Club has to offer its neighbors. The club When a new stadium is built in 2013, it will install 300 solar panels and provide electricity to 200 homes and businesses within a 500-meter radius of less than 25% of the cost of electricity.

A similar incident is taking place in Zaragoza in collaboration with the power company EDP and the local authority to launch a solar neighbor project.

EDP ​​has installed solar panels on the roofs of two municipal sports centers, each generating 50 kilowatts, enough to supply 200 nearby homes and businesses.

Solar energy
A.D. By 2020, solar power was only 6.1% of all renewable energy, according to the Spanish Electric Network. Photograph – Cesar Manso / AFP via Getty Images

Cecilia Fronda, head of ECODE’s energy department, explains that homeless people are reluctant to invest and that participants in the scheme do not have to pay for the installation.

Participants pay a monthly € 6.90 (£ 5.90) ​​quota to cover the cost of installation, and enjoy cheap electricity prices about 30% of the market rate. Quota for those who cannot afford to pay.

Fronda Ecoods said it was seeking European funding to replicate the plan in six other Zaragoza neighborhoods.

Meanwhile, Som Energy, founded in 2010 in northeastern Spain by Girona and claiming to be Europe’s oldest energy partner, has about 70,000 members.

Democrat-led cooperation will serve as an umbrella for small partners across the country, says President Albert Bannal-Estanol. Members later pay a refund of 100 100 to join.

When individuals want to install solar panels on their homes, Som Energy encourages them to form local cooperatives and then buy in bulk, because it creates not only cheap but also energy community, which helps spread the word about self-sufficiency.

“Last year we had a project worth about 5 million euros and we asked our members to contribute. We set a 15-day deadline but lifted it all in one day.

“We want to extend this model, but at the same time we are not worried about development,” he said. We just want to see teenagers.

Now that large power companies cannot rely on the government to stop the spread of the cooperative, they have resorted to financing the roofs of communities to post on their customers.

Alonso has real social and environmental goals as well as economic goals. In the case of a company that supplies electricity easily from renewable sources, “the company still owns the installer, you have a contract with them, and the only difference is that electricity comes from solar panels.”

“Large energy companies are reorganizing themselves from selling electricity to selling it,” says Forenda. But we must make sure that the self-sufficiency of power is in the hands of the citizens because they are empowered.

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