Margaret Rossiter, a professor of science history at Cornell University “Decreasing, Decreasing and Decreasing the Presence of Women.”
Marie Curie has won two Nobel Prizes. She was rejected by the world’s most famous scientific community, the Royal Society.
You may not have heard of physicist Chi-Xing Woo. But Enrico Fermi was the first scientist to prove the theory of radioactive beta decay. She invented the famous Wu experiment, which remarkably rediscovered the concept of similarity in sub-atomic particles. However, her two male colleagues did not receive the Nobel Prize.
And astronomer Vera Rubins? By the middle of the 20th century, it had discovered that there was about 25% of the total mass of energy in the universe. That is a great achievement. Nobody won the Nobel Prize, as you can imagine.
Discrimination in science is included in the board. Women in science receive fewer subsidies (percentages), receive less assistance, receive fewer awards, and are less likely to be employed despite having the same record as male applicants. A scientific paper study shows that if the author is found to be male, then he is rated higher.
But in science there are personal examples of women who overcame all these obstacles.
You may have seen the movie, or you may have read The Hidden Images. A.D. It was about African-American women who played a key role in the “space race” of the 1950s and ’60s.
One of them was Katherine Johnson. Because she is African-American, her local public school in Virginia does not offer more than eighth grade. So her parents arranged for her to attend a nearby high school – fortunately, on the campus of West Virginia State College.
The professors quickly discovered her math skills, and added new math courses for her to learn. She ended up in NASA, and because of her brilliance and steadfastness, she calculated the routes for the American space shuttle.
She designed the spacecraft for Allan Shepard (the first American on space) and John Glenn (the first American to travel around the world). Flight direction figures
She paved the way for the Apollo 11 (the first spacecraft to land on the moon) and the disabled Apollo 13, which exploded on its way to the moon.
For the latter, it has helped to create a system in which returning astronauts can look at a star and know exactly where they are. As a result, they returned safely to earth.
It is important to recognize the unusual contribution of women in science. It doesn’t make sense to discriminate against half of humanity – it’s not good science.