Group 15 components – general introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, oxide states, trends in physical and chemical properties; Preparation and properties of ammonia and nitric acid, nitrogen oxides (structure only); Phosphorus-allotropic forms; Phosphorus Compounds: Phosphate Preparation and Characteristics, halides (PCI3, PCI5) and oxoacids (primary idea only).
Group 16 – General Introduction, Electronic Structure, Oxidation Terms, Occurrence, Trends in Physical and Chemical Behavior; Dioxide – preparation, properties and uses; Oxide classification; Ozone. Sulfur – alloropic forms; Sulfur compounds – preparation, preparation, properties and use of sulfur dioxide; Sulfuric acid – industrial production process, properties and uses, sulfur oxoacids (structures only).
Group of 17 – General Introduction, Electronic Structure, Oxide Recipes, Occurrence, Trends in Physical and Chemical Behavior; Halogens compounds: Preparation, properties and uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid, interhalogen compounds halogens compounds (structures only).
Group 18 components – general introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, physical and chemical behavior trends, uses.
GENERAL INTRODUCTION, ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE, CHARACTERISTICS OF TRANSFERRING STRUCTURES, CHARACTERISTICS OF FIRST RANGE STEEL STRATEGIES: Metal Characteristics, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, ionic radiation, color, catalytic properties, magnetic properties, alloys, alloys. Preparation and properties of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4.
Lantanoid: Electron structure, oxide states, chemical reactivity, and lantanoid reduction and its effects.
Actinoids: Composition of electrons, oxide states, and lactoids.
Halocalcans-Naming, C –X bonding nature, physical and chemical properties, method of substitution reactions. Optical rotation.
Haloarenes: The nature of CX bonding, replacement reactions (halogen guide for flexible compounds only).
Uses and Environmental Products – Diclorometan, Tricholomate, Tetrachlorometan, Iodorform, Frison, DDT.
Alcohol – label, preparation methods, physical and chemical properties (from the original alcohol only); Classification of primary, secondary, and tertiary alcohol; The drying method uses a special reference for methanol and ethanol.
Phenols: Names, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, acidic nature of phenol, electrophysiological substitutes, use of phenols.
Ert – Labeling, preparation methods, uses of physical and chemical properties
Aldehydes and Ketones: Naming, the nature of the carbon group, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; And the nucleophilic addition method, reactivation of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes; Uses.
Carboxylic acids – label, acid nature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; Uses
Amines: Identification of names, classification, structure, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses, primary and secondary amines.
Cyanides and isocyanids – mentioned in the relevant areas.
Diazonium Salt – Preparation, Chemical Reactions and Importance in Artificial Organic Chemistry.
The importance of carbohydrates: classification (aldocosis and ketosis), monosaccharide (glucose and fructose), DL structure, oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose), polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen).
Proteins: Primary idea – amino acids, peptide binding, polypeptides, proteins, primary structure, secondary structure, tertiary structure and four-stage structure (quality idea only), degradation of proteins; Enzymes.
Hormones – Primary idea (excluding structure).
Vitamins – Classification and Function.
Nucleic acids – DNA and RNA
Chemicals in medicines: painkillers, stabilizers, antibiotics, antimicrobials, antimicrobials, birth control pills, antibiotics, antioxidants, antihistamines.
Chemicals in food: antiseptics, artificial diluents, antimicrobials.
Cleaning agents: Soaps and soaps, cleaning action.