By Valery Volkovich and Nicola Bride
(Reuters) – Oil producers such as Exxon Mobile and Royal Dutch are burning gas in the United States without a license, local group Earthworks reported Thursday.
When energy producers are unable to transport gas to consumers, they burn non-essential waste gas. Lightning reduces methane emissions, but does not eliminate them and contributes to climate change by releasing carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.
Texas, the country’s largest oil producer, has more laws that allow it to be less restricted than other oil and gas states, and regulators there have opposed additional regulations to limit emissions.
The report compares the explosions on a flight of Texas Air Force funded cameras to records from Texas regulators. Of the 227 flames, 69% to 84% may be unauthorized.
Large manufacturers such as LL, Exxon and Diamondback Energy Inc. were among the companies with a large number of unlicensed flames, the report said.
ReportL and Exxon rejected high line findings, saying they had not reviewed the entire report before it was published, that they would follow all the rules and work to stop common fires. Diamondback did not respond to a request for comment.
“I haven’t been in the Permanian Basin regularly since 2018,” said Julie King, a spokeswoman for the 2018 Permian Basin.
State regulations, in some cases, including the release of storage tanks, within the first 10 days after the well is completed, or during equipment maintenance, construction or maintenance, a spokesman for the Texas Petroleum Regulatory Commission (TRC) told Reuters in response to the report. The commission reviewed the report before it was published.
TRC spokesman Andrew Kessie said: “The short-term observation of the flame and the absence of special circumstances do not necessarily mean that the skid is illegal.”
“There are flaws in Earthworks analysis. The conclusion of the report is based on incomplete information or inaccurate assumptions.”
Earthworks said it was excluding from analyzing stations, storage tanks and similar issues for less than 10 days. He also told TRC that the quake, which was allowed for up to 24 hours, did not appear to be the cause of the fires.
“Oil and gas fields in Texas are illegal,” said Sharon Wilson, a leading earth activist and co-author of the report.
Even operators who promise to follow the rules do not work.
Texas regularly https://www.reuters.com/article/us-climate-change-flaring-analysis/crossing-state-lines-oil-firms-flare-texas-gas-as-investors-vent-on-climate- idUSKBN20Z23C provides special conditions for state laws that require the possession and use of fossil fuels. The United States, which produces about 5 million barrels of oil a day, accounts for 47 percent of the world’s natural gas emissions by 2019, according to the U.S. Energy Information Administration.
Lightning in Permania has declined over the past two years, reaching its lowest level since May 2017, according to energy research firm Restad.
The administration of President Joe Biden is expected to announce new regulations in September https://www.reuters.com/business/environment/biden-admins-methane-emission-curbs-exceed-obamas-epa-chief-2021-04-09 The oil and gas sector to curb methane emissions during combustion. These laws apply to government regulators such as the TRC, which in a letter to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency last month contradicted strict methane regulations.
(Reporting by Nicola Grum and Valerie Volkovisi; correction by Aurora Ellis)