CAMEROON – Darrell LeBlank pushes ice on a shrimp boat, behind the swampy Gulf of Mexico, a scene that has played countless times on the coast of Louisiana. But the background on the horizon, with huge cranes and storage tanks, is undoubtedly modern.
“It was all open,” said the 60-year-old, who spent his life in the commercial corner of Louisiana. “Cameron has changed for me day and night.”
The construction site on the Gulf of Cameroon in Louisiana is one of the most widely used monuments in the liquefied natural gas industry. As the world gradually shifted to renewable energy, LNG was considered an important bridge fuel for combustion.
But LNG is an important source of greenhouse gas emissions, and some argue that trade in pollution and tax relief is a good investment for the state. When world leaders convene in Scotland this week, the industry will definitely be in for talks, with Governor John Bell Edwards attending. At the same time, Lake Charles will host a major LNG Industry Conference from Tuesday to Thursday.
With two large LNG export facilities operating, Cameron Parish Louisiana now has the largest production capacity in the country and is on the road. Cameron Parish Port Director Claire Hebert Marseux repeatedly echoed the industry with these words:
Edwards, who will retire two years later, is tasked with developing a plan to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the highly polluted petrochemical and energy industries. But he says oil and gas, including LNG, will continue to play a role. He introduced the state’s controversial carbon footprint and storage technology among environmentalists.
“I believe LNG has a big role to play,” Edwards said during a visit to Lake Charles before heading to Scotland. “Whenever the coal factory in the world is replaced or discontinued by natural gas, this will help the environment.”
But he made it clear that the state would eventually have to move away from oil and gas, citing the effects of climate change on the coast, high altitudes and more hurricanes.
“There is a transition going on,” Edwards said. “It will take ten or two or three years – I don’t know how long it will last – but the future is not a fossil. They do not disappear completely. But there is a cleaner future.
“Most Expensive Plants”
Converting natural gas to liquid makes it easier to transport. The gas is pumped into the factory, cooled to 260 degrees Fahrenheit, and then transferred to tanks.
Utilities in southwestern Louisiana were originally thought to be imported factories, and LNG converted to gas from other countries and used it domestically. But with the rapid increase in U.S. gas supplies, the strategy changed and focused on exports instead.
US LNG exports began to rise in 2016, reaching 2.4 million cubic feet last year, according to the US Energy Information Administration. About 55% of these passed through two export factories in Louisiana, the Sabine Pass at the Cameron L-N.H.
Investors are building more plants, applying for licenses or waiting for supply contracts, which could cost tens of billions of dollars, before making a final decision on construction on the coast of Louisiana. The project, which now appears to be on Monkey Island in Cameroon Parish, once involved the president’s son, Hunter Biden, reports New York magazine.
Creole – Cherry Hardy and her family are determined to rebuild and rebuild for the third time near the church where she was married.
Companies may want to take advantage of the Louisiana Industrial Tax Exemption Program, which can exempt up to 80% of property taxes for up to a decade. A.D. When it is allowed to free up the Draftwood LNG project south of Lake Charles in 2018, it is described as the largest in government history, possibly reaching more than $ 2 billion in 10 years.
Driftwood has been eligible for 100% exemption from the local property tax since Edwards’ changes to the program were implemented before the maximum rest period was reduced to 80%.
Southwest Louisiana has proven to be attractive for other reasons, including infrastructure, natural gas and deep water supply, said Jim Rock, head of the Lake Charles Environmental Industry Alliance at Lake Charles. McNeese State and SOWELA Technical Community College have programs focused on such industries.
But Rock cites another reason: for better or worse, the region is accustomed to heavy industry, a long-standing source of petrochemical plants and coastal energy businesses. He said he was less likely to be exposed to local protests.
Plants can create thousands of temporary jobs during the construction phase, but they are short-lived. According to Marseille, every 10 construction jobs will provide approximately one permanent location.
When you want to promote local employment, it is clear that most of the construction work is done by non-Louisians. RV parks are being built near the snow-covered Plant Leblank, which is filled with out-of-state flat and white bus boats going to and from Venture Global LG.
The industry is still relevant to the rock projects as it “further expands economic stability in southwestern Louisiana”.
“These plants are the most expensive plants I’ve ever heard of. They are billions of dollars,” he said.
But for Anne Rolls, director of the Louisiana Bucket Brigade, the plant’s lifespan is part of the problem. She says natural gas is cleaner than coal, but it is still a useful source of emissions.
Pouring gas on plants such as Cameron Parish also emits greenhouse gases. Plants require a large supply of energy for the process, and some generate their own electricity.
David Dismukus, director of the LSU Energy Research Center, recently ranked the Cheyenne Sabine Passage as the No. 3 greenhouse gas plant between Louisiana and industrial areas in 2019.
A company that supplies four liquid natural gas export terminals in South Louisiana.
The possibility of methane leaks is also a factor. Methane has 25 times more energy than carbon dioxide to capture atmospheric heat, according to the US Environmental Protection Agency.
In southwest Louisiana, which has been hit by four natural disasters since August 2020 and the worsening storm, Rolls said the industry’s approach is flawed.
“The idea that we can build facilities that aggravate this situation is easily misunderstood,” she said.
Rolls also said there was a risk of damage and damage to buildings. The plants involved are designed to withstand such hazards.
Dismux agrees that emissions from LNG plants are a problem. Although carbon footage is believed to help combat the problem, critics of the technology say it poses a new set of risks, including leakage potential.
Supervisors also say that the chances of a reduction in emissions are increasing. In any case, he said, natural gas, like Edwards, should be used as a bridge to move developing countries from coal to coal.
“I don’t see how we can enter the developing world without gas,” he said. “And that gas has to come from anywhere, and this is one of the easiest and best places to get that gas in the near future.”
For now, further construction is likely to take place, further enhancing the transformation of remote Cameroonian parishes. Venture Global Construction has closed access to fishing jets and boat launches, and life-long shrimps like Anthony Terriot are worried they will eventually run out of water.
“We are safe as long as you leave the farm alone,” he said while working on the small boat last week.
But the 46-year-old has found a way to earn a living from LNG Industry and turned his land over to Arvi Park for workers. He said he did not want his children to follow him into commercial fishing.
One of the children is studying process technology, which allows him to work in the region’s energy and petrochemical plants.