Light-important relationships at the atomic level

By Robert M. Hazen, PhD, George Mason University

The Bor atom model states that electrons can jump from one stage to another, and in the process energy must be absorbed or emitted as photons. What happens when light matter interacts in this process? How does it help to understand the natural world?

An example of a quantum cluster with electrons orbiting around a quantum circle.
Quantum Jump – Atoms in an atom can jump directly from one energy level to another. (Image: chemistrygod / Shutterstock)

The bor atom is known by physicists because it is very successful in the behavior of atoms, especially in light-matter interactions and in the way the atom interacts with light.

For example, when hydrogen is heated, this linear emission, or specific wavelength, is very significant, and the Bor atom model successfully explains it.

Nils Bor received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1922 for his work on the atom, one of the many honors he received.

Learn more about the quantum world.

Quantum Jump or Quantum Jump

Light interactions can be explained using the atomic Bore model. The model says that power and light should come in different packages called Quanta.

As the electrons move from one energy level to another, a small increase in power occurs. This increase is called quantum jump or quantum jump. Quantum jump is the smallest possible increase in the universe.

Quantum Jumping from High Power to Low Power A quantum emits electromagnetic radiation, called photon. And when the electron goes down, light comes out.

A photo is an electromagnetic wave at 186,000 miles per second. Photon wavelengths are proportional to the difference between one state and another state.

Learn more about atoms.

Electromagnetic radiation in everyday life

light bulb– Years of happy electrons are descending in a truly shining light bulb or flame. When it warms up, electrons move to exciting states, and they begin to go down, up, down. And every time electrons accumulate, they emit a certain amount of light and produce it in a light bulb without a light bulb.

Electromagnetic radiation is a continuous spectrum, so one of these light bulbs produces not only visible light but also infrared heat. Therefore, the incandescent bulb is very hot due to the wavelength generated.

Black asphalt– When an atom captures a photo, an electron jumps to a high energy state. So, for example, when black asphalt is washed away by the sun, the asphalt is absorbing solar energy. That means electrons are entering exciting states and have more power. The atoms heat up and then the part of that energy that the black glass takes on is re-illuminated by the long wavelength as heat energy, which heats the black wood.

This is a copy of the video series The joy of science. Watch now on Wondrium.

Light: Important Interactions: Quantum Point

Image of Mercury steam lamp.
Mercury vapor bulbs, which are examples of quantum products, have a special blue-white glow. (Image: Unknown / Public Domain)

Fluorescence– Fluorescence occurs when a material is exposed to ultraviolet radiation, which is invisible to the naked eye. When materials are exposed to ultraviolet radiation, electrons drop to a higher level of energy and can then land in two or three jumps.

The high intensity of ultraviolet radiation represents the first jump, but the individual may be in the length of the visible light wave and therefore a fluorescent phenomenon is observed. When ultraviolet light shines on something that looks dull or white, the electrons in these materials move in an exciting way. They go down by two or three increments and one of those increments includes visible light. Therefore, under fluorescent light, these materials appear in bright colors.

Day Globe Colors-Donal colors, such as blue or violet light, high-intensity light, or perhaps the longest wave of normal light, are exposed to ultraviolet light or sunlight. When this light hits these objects, they emit very powerful photons at a certain wavelength. As a result, daytime colors appear unusually bright, and this is a kind of fluorescent phenomenon that is seen every day.

Mercury steam lamps and sodium steam lamps-Mercury vapor lamps are examples of quantum products with a special blue-white glow. The bright yellow of sodium steam lamps is another example of a quantum jump.

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Practical applications of light-practical interactions

The intensity of light interaction is called the spectroscope. Spectroscopes have proved to be essential for all modern science and technology. Spectroscope is used in astronomy, biology, chemistry and environmental sciences.

The atomic Bore model shows that the way a material absorbs light depends on the orbit of the electrons. Therefore, the wavelength of light received and the wavelength of light emitted are related to quantum jumps.

Spectroscopes measure the wavelength and intensity of electromagnetic radiation and provide direct detection of this atomic interaction.

There are many different types of spectra that play a major role in research. Some of these include emission spectra, flame spectra, absorption spectra, and reflective glasses.

The spectacles of all different types show that the human eyes and minds recognize and interpret many different types of emissions and phenomena of attraction and meditation as colors.

The natural world is far more complex than human eyes and minds can interpret, so it is simpler, and what people call red, or green, or blue arises from more complex phenomena.

Common questions about light-matter interactions at the atomic level

Q: What is quantum jump?

When a Electron It moves from one level of energy to another, and may be the smallest of the so-called quantum jumps or quantum jumps. Quantum jump is the smallest possible increase in the universe.

Q: What is a spectroscope?

Spectroscope is an in-depth study Light matter interactions. Scientists study the interaction of light matter and, by extension, understand the natural world using spectroscopic techniques.

Q: What is a photo?

Photon When a quantum is released by electromagnetic radiation, A. Electron It jumps from high power to low power.

Keep reading
Photons and wavelengths – Is the particle light or wave?
What does an atom look like?
Einstein Vs. The new generation of quantum theorists

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