(Reuters) – China’s efforts to become a responsible overseas investor are at risk of serious human rights abuses, particularly in the steel and mining sectors, according to a report released on Wednesday.
Between 2013 and 2020, the International Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) reported 679 human rights violations against Chinese companies operating abroad.
Metals and Mines have the most cases – 236, or 35% of the total. Peru, the world’s second-largest copper producer, and neighboring China, a supplier of tin and precious minerals, are listed as hot spots.
China, the world’s largest metal consumer, does not have enough resources to meet domestic demand, and has encouraged companies to purchase overseas assets to ensure supply.
He has extended access to renewable energy by promising to build green belts and road infrastructure initiatives as he seeks to achieve climate goals.
More than a third of China’s overseas mining cases are linked to long-running conflicts between Latin American and Chinese-backed mining companies in China and New Guinea (PNG).
Chinese state-owned companies are involved in producing PNG gold, nickel and cobalt.
The report noted that despite the “efficient efforts” of the Chinese Chamber of Commerce, the Chinese Chamber of Commerce and Industry (CCCCMC), there are “serious efforts” in the supply chain.
Sun Lihui, director of development at CCCMC, told Reuters that many Chinese companies had good human rights policies, but did not always focus on where their efforts were most needed.
They are only useful for disciplinary investigations but have neglected to provide training and guidance to companies in their supply chain.
The second largest case after the mining sector – 152 – was in the construction sector. In Laos, they lost lives related to the railway project.
The fossil fuels and renewable energy sectors have also been criticized, with 118 and 87 cases, respectively, adding to the high number of renewable energy complaints related to hydroelectric projects.
Myanmar has seen more than 97 cases in all sectors.
(Reporting by Tom Daly; Editing by Barbara Lewis)