For the first time in 520 light years, Earth’s orbiting gas clouds have been discovered by astronomers.
This is a breakthrough in aeronautics, and could help explore potential worlds, say experts at the University of Montreal in Canada.
The Explanet, called ASAP-127B Found in 2016, it is a ‘hot arrogant beast’ that travels a lot with the stars, and it will only be 4.2 days a year on the gas giant.
The International Astronomical Observatory has measured not only the clouds but also the altitude of the distant planets.
WASP-127b It was discovered in 2016 and the “tropical beast” closest to the star will be only 4.2 days a year on the gas giant.
WAP-127 for hot hot gas giant
Type: Gas giant
MASS: 0.1647 Jupiter
Radius: 1.311 x Jupiter
Orbit: 0.0484 AU
Time: 4.2 days
apart from: Passage
The WASP-127 is a gas giant orbiting a G-type star.
It weighs 0.1647 Jupiter, takes 4.2 days to complete the orbit of the star, and 0.0484 AU.
Source – NASA
The largest telescope from Hubble Space Telescope and the Southern Observatory of Europe combined the views of the planet. (VLT) in Chile.
The team filtered through the atmosphere of the planet and observed the planets passing in front of the host star to identify the patterns in the starlight.
Thanks to the HPR and the infrared light on HLT via the ESPRESSO spectrograph, you can explore different regions of the atmosphere.
“First of all, we found sodium in this planet,” said Dr. Roman.
But the team is at a much lower level than expected.
Second, there were strong water vapor signals in the infrared, but not at the visible wavelength.
This indicates that water vapor at low levels is being filtered through a clear cloud in infrared at visible wavelengths.
The combination of the two devices allowed the researchers to narrow the altitude of the cloud.
Attach them to the atmosphere layer at a pressure of 0.3 to 0.5 mL.
A millimeter is a unit of air pressure, with about 0.0145 pounds per square inch or about a thousand normal atmosphere.
“Unless we are composed of water particles like clouds, we do not yet know the composition of the cloud,” says Alert.
We are also confused as to why sodium is found in an unexpected place on this planet. Future studies will help us to understand not only about the structure of the atmosphere but also about the amazing WASP-127b.
International astronomers measure not only clouds but also altitude with distant planets
What is the largest telescope?
The European Southern Observatory (IOS) has built the most powerful telescope ever built in the Atakama Desert in northern Chile.
It is called a very large telescope (VLT) and is It is considered one of the most advanced optical devices.
It consists of four telescopes, whose The main mirrors are 27 feet (8.2 meters) in diameter.
There are also four portable six-foot-diameter auxiliary telescopes.
The largest telescopes are Antu, Queen, Melipal and Yefu.
The first class telescopes “Antu” entered formal scientific work on April 1, 1999.
The telescopes can work together to form a giant interrometer.
This interrometer allows you to filter any images into unnecessary dark objects.
As a result, astronomers can see up to 25 times the details of each telescope.
Participate in identifying the first image from the Sunrise Planet.
To understand the formation, evolution and composition of the planets, the study of planetary atmosphere is important, the team said.
The transmission spectroscope technique used in this study is playing a significant role in this field and has helped to identify WASP-127b.
When a full orbit around the stars takes place in four days, WASP-127b receives 600 times more sunlight than Earth and temperatures up to 1100 degrees Celsius (2012 Fahrenheit) – twice as much as Venus.
It orbits a planet with a radius of 1.3 times the mass of Jupiter, the fifth mass, making it one of the dense or “most efficient” aircraft ever discovered.
The elongated nature of the spacecraft makes it easy to see them, so WASP-127b is an ideal candidate for astronomers to try a new method.
In this way, they were exploring the landscape of the planets, which could one day help the search for the outside world.
The observation of the team by the ESPRESSO device also indicates that unlike the planets in our solar system, the WASP-127b stars move not only in the opposite direction but also in a different plane from the equator.
The planets in the solar system revolve around an equatorial plane – that is in line with the center of the sun – in some cases the comets orbiting another plane.
“Such an alignment is unpredictable for the old satellite system and could be caused by an unknown partner,” Alert said.
All of these unique features make WASP-127b a much-studied planet in the future.
The findings were published in the journal Astronomy and Astrophysics.
Scientists use space satellites, such as Hubble, to study the atmosphere of distant planets
The distant stars and their orbiting planets often have conditions contrary to what we see in the atmosphere.
To understand these new worlds, and what they have done, scientists need to be able to know what their atmosphere is like.
This is usually done using a telescope similar to a NASA Hubble telescope.
These giant satellites scan the sky and close off planes that NASA thinks might be attractive.
The sensors on the board perform various types of analysis.
One of the most important and useful is the absorption spectroscope.
This form of analysis measures the amount of light emitted by the atmosphere of the planet.
Each gas emits a slightly different wavelength of light, and when this happens, a black line appears on the entire tissue.
These lines are related to a very different molecule, which indicates its presence on the planet.
He was first discovered in 1814 by the German astronomer and physicist, often referred to as Frannofer’s lines.
Scientists can combine all different wavelengths of light to determine the chemical composition of the planet’s atmosphere.
The main thing is to give clues to find out what is missing.
This is very important to do with space telescopes, since the atmosphere will then be interrupted.
Avoiding chemicals in the atmosphere distorts the sample, which is why it is important to study light before it has a chance to reach Earth.
This is often used to search for helium, sodium, and even oxygen in the atmosphere.
This diagram shows how it produces the pharynx lines that go beyond the stars and indicate the presence of key compounds such as sodium or helium in the atmosphere.