SINGAPORE – Singapore’s efforts to tackle climate change and pollution are gaining momentum, with changes to the Environmental Pollution Act passed in parliament on Monday (September 13th).
Environmental and Administrative Law Amendments provide existing initiatives to regulate the release of fluorocarbons (HFNs) – greenhouse gases that contribute to global warming and climate change.
The law now allows contractors to use electronic video surveillance in certain workplaces on Sundays and public holidays (NEA) from the next working day, beginning October 1.
State Minister for Sustainability and Environmental Protection, Desmond Tan, said: “The improvements will help lay the groundwork for our climate needs.
Proper handling of low-temperature heating equipment and HFC refrigerators will ensure that Singapore’s cooling needs and conveniences are not compromised as we move toward a lower carbon future.
Commonly used as refrigerators, HCCs are greenhouse gases that have a higher global warming potential than carbon dioxide (CO2) due to their high emissions.
Although CO2 has the potential to increase global warming, HFCs can reach up to 12,400. For example, the standard refrigeration unit used in refrigerators, R134a, has a global temperature of 1,300.
The law prohibits the supply of refrigeration and air-conditioning equipment capable of global warming from October 1 next year.
It also allows the government to introduce measures to reduce used air conditioners and control companies that use or control greenhouse gases. These companies include those involved in installing, repairing, and dismantling refrigeration equipment.
Mr Tan said cooling in Singapore’s hot and humid climate was important, but the Republic also needed to consider environmental impacts.
Climate-friendly alternatives are widely available for such devices. They are typically more energy efficient and consumers can enjoy energy savings. ”
There is no cost difference in switching to refrigerators and air conditioners for families, climate-friendly, Mr Tan said.
It acknowledges that low global warming potential for commercial consumers is on average 15 percent more expensive. But because they are more energy efficient, they say, their life cycle is more cost-effective than compensating for the high cost.
The ministry said it was important to curb the effects of the cold on Singapore.
Measures to reduce HIV emissions were announced last year by the National Environmental Protection Agency (NEA). These HFCs have been used to escape the use of high-temperature global heating equipment, to handle HCC refrigerators to increase the efficiency of the industry, and to use HCCS.
“These (changes) apply to these measures,” Mr Tan said.
Starting in October next year, NEA will begin banning more than 750 global warms, and home refrigerators and commercial water coolers with more than 15 global warming capacity. .
“Most of our refrigeration equipment suppliers and importers have been able to provide climate-friendly models,” Mr Tan said.
The law now includes refrigerators used in the definition of industrial waste in accordance with local public health law.
“With this change, refrigerated refrigerators and air conditioners must be returned to the appropriate waste disposal facility for proper treatment,” he said.
Regarding the regulation of companies involved in the installation, maintenance and shutdown of refrigeration equipment, Mr. Tan said this will only apply to companies that operate commercial water coolers. These refrigerators have a much larger cooling capacity than air conditioners.
But companies that provide air conditioning and air conditioning are encouraged to certify their technicians, he said.
According to the law, services that include refrigeration treatment and refrigeration recovery must now be monitored or performed by at least one certified technician.
The ITE is working to promote training courses for home air conditioning technicians at ITE.
The course at ITE began last October, he said. More information about the course for cold-blooded technicians at Themasek Polytechnic will be released the next day.
During the debate, Mr. Louis Ng (Ney soon Garcia) and Mr. Gan Tiam Poh (Anne Mo Kio GRC) asked if the government intends to take such courses in languages other than English.
In response, Mr. Tan said the courses will be conducted in “Simplified English”, but added that coaches will provide practical demonstrations and practice hands-on exercises to increase awareness.
“Technicians must pass an open book test with multiple choice questions and a simple practical assessment.
Singaporeans and permanent residents will be eligible for up to 90 percent subsidies for these courses under SkillsFuture SG, and $ 85 can be paid for using their SkillsFuture credits, Mr Tan said.
He said his ministry has taken steps to alleviate this in the past few years. This includes providing financial support to encourage contractors to adopt safer construction materials and methods, and enforcing work rules on Sunday and public holidays in 2011.
Mr. Tan added that most contractors respect but there is a small group of contractors who continue to violate the rules without work.
Between 2016 and 2020, the NEA filed an average of 3 percent of construction sites, or about 150 cases, for the first time each year. Twenty-two percent of this group will continue to do so, Mr Tan said.
However, there are limitations to the current enforcement approach, as violations can only be detected by physical inspection by NEA officers. Mr Tan said the resource-based effort may not always pay off, as violations may stop before they occur.
“Here technology can make a difference. From next year, October 1, we will be putting electronic video surveillance on minors to prevent further violations of unemployment and improve the efficiency of the NEA. ”