US Climate Mission John Kerry has won a small victory over India last week by announcing renewable energy plans – but it is unclear how India plans to achieve its net zero emissions goal.
Mr. Kerry is trying to agree on major carbon reduction goals with major importers to revitalize the U.S. climate.
China, however, has rejected attempts to isolate the climate from other disputes. FM Wang Mr: “The United States hopes to treat China-US relations like a” desert “, but if the” ocean “is surrounded by” desert “, the” ocean “will become a desert sooner or later. Kerry.
India was pleased to announce Mr. Kerry (second – first in April) Climate Action and Finance Movement (CAFMD), which aims to achieve India’s 450 GW renewable energy target.
But India has no plans to reduce its carbon emissions.
Net zero means minimizing greenhouse gas emissions as much as possible and then drawing similar emissions from the atmosphere – for example, by planting trees.
The world’s largest carbon emissions China has announced that it will be carbon neutral by 2060 and will have a high emissions by 2030 – although it has been criticized for developing new coal plants.
The second largest e-commerce company, the United States, has set a deadline of 2050 to zero and says it will define its energy sector by 2035.
But India, the world’s third-largest emirate, has not declared a net zero year or presented a United Nations climate change plan every five years, as expected by the Paris Agreement.
The United Nations has so far received only 113 amendments to 191 treaties.
Analysis of climate forecasts so far shows that emissions by 2030 will actually rise to 16% by 1630, which could rise to 2.7C (4.9F) from pre-industry levels.
The Paris Climate Agreement aims to limit global warming to less than two degrees Celsius and 1.5 degrees higher than the pre-industrial period to avoid dangerous climate change.
Scientists say the world has already warmed by 1.1 degrees since then and global carbon emissions must be reduced by 45% by 2030 to stop the Paris target from reaching its target.
A recent report by the East African Climate Change Panel (IPCC) warns that some climate systems may already be seriously disrupted by rising temperatures.
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Countries are expected to present their modernization plans, known as NDCs, before the COP26 summit in Glasgow, with many eyes on India.
During a visit to Delhi last week, Mr Kerry did not address the issue in public, at least not in public, but on a clear zero agenda.
My friends said that in addition to deploying renewable energy, we need to develop, demonstrate and develop new technologies that are crucial for a clean zero transition, and that alone should be emphasized.
During the same program, India’s Minister of Climate Change, Budder Yadav, did not mention net zero or talk about new carbon cuts.
Instead, he defended India’s current climate plan. የአየር Climate action in India has been rated by many independent assessments.
In the first NDC, India By 2030, it has promised to reduce carbon emissions by 33-35% from 2005 levels, and Indian officials say the country is ready to exceed its target.
However, scientists have calculated that there is a big gap between the pledges of carbon reduction in countries and the climate in Paris in the early stages of the NDC.
Therefore, it is necessary to increase the carbon-reduction demand and to target the long-term net zero emission target.
But she argues that India, like developed countries, should not have to make deep carbon cuts because it is still growing and fighting poverty, mostly on the basis of fossil fuels.
With renewable energy, especially solar energy, the Indian government has announced plans to significantly increase coal production as part of its post-economic economy.
“It is good to see @ClimateEnvoy John Kerry after meeting with Indian Foreign Minister S. Kyrgyzstan last week. We continue to discuss climate change and climate justice. ”
So at the end of the trip, Mr. Kerry praised India’s record on renewable energy, but India has taken it for granted and has nothing to do with the need to reduce emissions.
“I’m sure India knows something about COP , As well as many other nations that we have not yet heard of. So I think it will increase the demand from many different places, ”he told Indian newspapers.
If India really does what Mr. Kerry expects it to do, then the United States can deliberately help the United States in its efforts to gain leadership in global climate change – especially when Washington faces an “unfriendly” China on its climate front.
But what if India chooses not to do so and China continues to have “no cooperation with the climate”?
Will the two groups rise up against the developed world, as they did in previous climate negotiations?
There are no easy answers.
But what India and China are doing has a huge impact on global climate change – or not.