Salt Lake City – Kevin Perry saw that there was a problem with the sky and went out in the morning to find the newspaper.
Dr. Perry, a meteorologist at the University of Utah, said of that morning in August: “Within 30 seconds I had a cough and a sore throat. The worst weather ever.
Situated 500 miles[500 km]from California’s wildfires, Salt Lake City was set up that morning to record the most polluted megattias of the capital, New Delhi, and Jakarta.
The disparity has shocked long-term residents and newcomers, and the red-hot economy and easy access to outdoor pursuits such as skiing and mountain biking are stimulating the fast-growing population of any state.
But the consequences of the growth, including more vehicles on the road, and the wildfires this summer are already exacerbating the effects of prolonged drought.
According to scientists, the Great Salt Lake, the largest body of water in the country after the Great Lakes, has fallen to its lowest point in over a century. The result is a vast array of desert lakes similar to the arid archipelago of the former Soviet Union, exposing millions of people in Utah to a dust storm packed with arsenic and other toxins.
Utah doctors told Dr. Brian Moench, president of the Healthy Environment,: “Every time the wind blows, these dry lake beds are scattered everywhere and into the dust.” Pests and agricultural chemicals have migrated to the lake for decades.
For the time being, the declining ecological hazards of the Great Salt Lake are from Salt Lake City, the $ 1.5 billion Snow Industry Nerve Center, home to foreign clothing companies such as Black Diamond, Kotopasi and Kuhl.
But despite the fact that the outdoor entertainment industry is based on the blue image, scientists say the air quality around Wasatch Front, a metropolitan area in Utah, where about 80 percent of the population lives, is worse than many residents think.
The landscape of the valley, which includes the city of Salt Lake, creates an inversion of air pollution – generally during the winter – from sources such as motor vehicle exhaust. This is the case in Santiago, the capital of Chile, one of the most polluted cities in Latin America.
Population growth is a new problem throughout the year, and ozone pollution from power plants and cars can increase the frequency of asthma attacks and exacerbate lung diseases such as emphysema and chronic bronchitis.
Environmental Protection Agency In 2018, the North Waste Front Airport, which includes the Salt Lake City area, was classified as in violation of federal ozone standards. The move has sparked bitter political debate over Utah’s oil and mining industries raising ozone levels.
Warning about the deterioration of air quality, especially in winter, the ski magazine Powder warned: “In Salt Lake, we will begin to see visitors traveling with gas masks with their ski equipment.”
The wildfires that are now burning in California, where many large fires are burning, are also the most toxic form of pollution. Particles may be much smaller than chimneys, making them easier to breathe and take in blood.
Then came the Great Salt Lake. As the lake’s water level fluctuated from time to time, the US Geological Survey found that it had reached its lowest point since its inception in 1875.
At an average elevation of water, the lake, which has no access to the oceans, distributes more than 1,700 square miles of salt and other minerals. But it lost just 44 percent of the city of Houston and now covers only 950 square miles.
The lake scale works for real scenes. On the island of Antelope, dozens of microbes, millions of microbes, near the now-defunct Marina, now empty, were exposed to the air.
Because Lake Bree shrimp and pine flies are a major source of food for microbes, and millions of birds feed on shrimp and flies, falling water can damage the lake’s food chain if many bacteria are affected. Utah geological survey in July.
Elsewhere around the Great Salt Lake, visitors who once enjoyed picnics on the beach must now walk on a dry lake bed to dip their fingers in the water. As the water receded, shipwrecks began to appear.
A.D. Founded in 1877, the great Salt Lake Yacht Chloe Julie Matitili, dozens of boats that had collapsed on the lake bed were removed this year and stored in dry storage.
“There is currently no sailing on the lake,” Matingley said, adding that the club’s membership has dropped from 13 to 13 this year. And look at the historical sites near the lake.
The collapse of the Great Salt Lake was once the world’s fourth largest body of water compared to the crisis around the Arad Sea. The former Soviet Union began drying up water supply projects in Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan during the 1960s.
Most of the area is now one of the world’s most deserted deserts, and some are known as Arral Sands. Near Utah, scientists also compare the degraded water level with Lake Owens in California, which moved to Los Angeles about a century ago.
Since then, Owens Lake has emerged as the country’s largest PM 10 source of dust that could irritate his eyes, nose and throat.
“We’ve seen this happen in tropical lakes around the world,” said Dr. Perry, a climate scientist. He said the prolonged drought had caused desperate snowfall in the surrounding mountains. Although the lake can grow up to two feet[2 m]from the spring, the winter snowfall has risen by just six inches.
Another reason is the policy to divert Utah from the sources that feed the lake. More than 60 percent of the transferred water goes to agriculture.
“We’re going to get a lot of water from the Great Salt Lake,” said Dr. Perry.
As the lake shrinks, the consequences of such policies are shocking. A study by researchers at Brigham Young University at Utah and Midbury College in Vermont found that 90 percent of the dust in the front of the washbasin was from lake beds.
“Dust can have a profound effect on our people,” said Breice Ward, director of the Utah Air Quality Division.
At the same time, the population is growing and Utah is in need of water. While the entire state is in a state of severe drought, according to the National Drought Reduction Center, many homeowners in Salt Lake City have green grass.
Utah stands in contrast to other western states that have stepped up their efforts to curb water consumption this year, including some grasslands. Gov. Spencer Cox said he was recently exploring the possibility of similar measures in Utah.
Despite concerns about water supplies and the Great Salt Lake, Utah water consumption is lower than in many other states, including in arid climates. Sarah Nul, a professor of watershed studies at Utah State University, uses 150 to 200 gallons per person per day.
According to Jamie Butler, coordinator of the Great Salt Lake Institute at Westminster College, the bad air quality readings in the past are getting worse. “All of this is happening even though we have not yet seen the effects of climate change,” she said.