The only way to reduce the threat of climate change or to deny science-based science is to capture and store carbon in the world of pure zero emissions.
This week, the Morrison government invested another $ 250 million in CCS, making the technology capable of generating carbon credit.
But to the end? This will give our exports a “competitive edge” and Australia will “increase pure LNG production,” said Minister of Excess Reduction.
Malte Minshawson, an associate professor at the University of Melbourne, is an expert on how the world can reach a pure zero.
“We absolutely want CCS to achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement, especially 1.5C. But it is not mixed with fossil fuels. ” Combined with the declining fossil fuels industry, wasting taxpayer money in support of the CCS does not help anyone, not really the climate.
Taylor and the gas industry have both issued similar statements to the International Energy and Climate Consortium (CCS). It is appropriate to put them side by side.
Taylor said: [International Energy Agency] And [Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change] Both see the Paris Agreement as a necessary step towards achieving the goals of the Paris Agreement.
“Both the International Energy Agency and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change support the CCS to achieve global climate change goals,” said the Australian Petroleum Production and Exploration Association (APPA).
But the problem is if you are arguing for CCS to help you use more fossil fuels – such as Taylor and APPA – then this is not what the IEA or IPCC is.
Both organizations are developing emissions and energy conditions that will allow the world to reach zero emissions, and most – but not all – of these plans are for CCS.
Minshawson says APPEA and Taylor are technically correct and the statements are misleading.
“We do not need fossil fuels with CCS, as CCS can produce very low-emission fossil fuel projects,” he said. “We need to stop using fossil fuels and switch to cheaper alternatives.”
A.D. An IEA report on net zero emissions by 2050 states that CCS can help fight “emissions from existing assets” and support low-cost and low-carbon hydrogen production.
The IEA does not say, “You can use CCS as extra fossil fuels.”
When Taylor and APPI refer to IEA’s professionalism, they choose it, because the IEA net zero report is clear to produce more fossil fuels in the future.
That means none.
The report states: “Apart from the projects that have been undertaken since 2021, there are no new oil and gas fields allowed for development on our roads. [to net zero], And no new coal or mineral extensions are required. ”
Counting the numbers, he said, Australian governments have pledged $ 4 billion to CCS for years.
But can CCS really cut off emissions and purify gas? Consider the Gorgon Carbon Injection Project on Barro Island, Western Australia – one of the world’s largest CO2 storage projects.
The project separates CO2 from offshore gas and puts it into a geological structure more than 2 km below the island’s surface. With capacity, Chevron – the project operator – says it can store 4Mt CO2 per year.
However, only a small fraction of CO2 is released after all the gas has been extracted, compressed and burned.
In a government presentation, the Australian Institute’s Mark Ogge estimates that 260Mt CO2 will be released in five years (and that the Gorgon gas project is producing all its fuel) compared to its 20Mt capacity.
That does not reduce emissions. That increases the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere. And Taylor and the APPA say they want to do more.
We have less than 25 days to go before the Glasgow climate conference and the Morrison government still needs to develop its long-term emission reduction strategy and it has not yet reached the net zero goal by 2050.
Scott Morrison has been saying for months that Australia wants to get to zero zero as soon as possible, and “better” by 2050.
And for all the gas promotions, the Morrison government approved the fourth new coal project in a month. The phrase “as soon as possible” seems to be more applicable to new fossil fuel projects than to zero.
Using gas to export gas
Earlier this week, the Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources released its annual Statistics Australia report on energy production, utilization and export – from fossil fuels to renewable energy.
In a statement, Taylor chose to highlight the growing demand for natural gas, saying:
But the report shows a few other interesting facts about how all gas extracted in Australia is being used and why consumption is increasing.
First, 74% of all gas (when divided by one power unit) is actually in the LNG.
So what about the gas used here?
Australia’s largest gas user is the LGG industry – 27% of its domestic consumption is used in the process of converting large quantities of gas into LNG. Taylor says gas consumption is on the rise, which is a big reason.
Statistics on the challenge of extracting fossil fuels account for 93% of all fossil fuels used in Australia.