Arctic centralism in India-Russia partnership

Russia’s President Vladimir Putin will pay a visit to India next week, but defense agreements and military-technical agreements are high on the agenda. The Russian Arctic and the Far East have the potential to increase connectivity and connectivity. New Delhi’s year-round Arctic policy outlines India’s needs with 5 + 5 missions and pillars, “to promote sustainable and mutually beneficial cooperation between India and the Arctic.”

For Russia, the Arctic is a natural sphere from coast to coast and its importance is great. Russia established its base in Okhotsk in 1650, long before St. Petersburg was established as the “European window” on the Baltic coast in the 18th century. Today the Russian Federation has the longest Arctic from east to west. Beach with over 2.5 million people living in the Arctic Circle. The region accounts for 80 percent of Russia’s natural gas reserves and 12 percent of GDP.

Russia’s growing interest in the Arctic Ocean has increased in recent years, as have other North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) coasts in the Arctic – Canada, Denmark, Iceland, Norway and the United States in 2015 (revised 2021). National Security Strategy Non-military trilateral approach to the Arctic – resource exploitation; Infrastructure construction; And international cooperation. This is the basis of Russia’s long-term Arctic policy until 2035.

Contrary to popular opinion, Russia’s musical Arctic approach, defense development, and military issues. Even the Russian Arms Plan (2018-2027) emphasizes the North. Russia has achieved a good military presence in the Arctic and is now a region of cooperation and development in the Arctic and the Far East.

Russia is a “strategic source of information” from the Arctic and the coasts of Pechora and Okhotsk, and India is a “unique and unique partner.” Power ties with Russia are crucial for India’s transition from fossil fuels to clean energy sources. As a win-win situation, India needs to develop strategies to boost infrastructure and energy development plans in Russia’s Far East, according to Vladivostok VI’s Eastern Economic Forum.

By setting up the NSR as an important “national transport corridor”, Russia could develop its hydrographic capacity. As a member of the Hydrographic Commission on Antarctica, India has developed a batometric table with Russia. Indian experience can add value to the map of the Arctic lanes.

Ships in the NSR and Bahir Dar power projects require trained sailors and trained manpower. Interestingly, India ranks third in the world in terms of seafarers. Connecting with Russian universities offering cruise courses on Polar Waters can help Indian young people gain experience in the marine industry. As economic opportunities grow, it could be a destination for Russian Arctic migrant workers.

Relationships with other business interests and overall economic development are another driving force in strategic partnerships. Along the Multimodal International North-South Transport Corridor, the Chennai-Vladivostok Sea Corridor (CVMC), which aims to connect India’s eastern ports to Vladivostok, Vostochini and Olga, will serve as an extension for the NSR on Russia’s east coast. India has limited benefits for both transit and travel time. It will also increase India’s strategic interest in the South China Sea and the Indian-Pacific region, and protect naval and commercial cargo in the Far East of Russia.

The Arctic and the Far East offer unparalleled amenities for both countries. For Russia, it demonstrates its reliability in the face of difficult geography, while India, in its partnership, demonstrates its willingness to explore innovative diplomatic avenues for development.

Utham Sinha works at the Manoah Parrickar Defense Research Institute

The views expressed are personal.

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