Analysis – The European gas crisis is also a renewable crisis, but there are ready solutions

Politicians are blaming infiltration Increased demand for natural gas as the world recovers from the epidemic, power outages due to maintenance, and less wind than usual: a decline in wind power during the summer.

But, of course, the European crisis is in the renaissance sector. The region has invested heavily in renewable energy sources, such as wind and solar power, but will not be able to get enough of this green energy.

However, there are other incentives to move quickly on renewable resources. A complete transition would free Europe from the turmoil of volatile energy markets and reduce its dependence on other oil and gas suppliers, such as Russia. Europe can prevent its energy security from being compromised by geopolitical waves.

More than 40 EU lawmakers, mainly from the Eastern and Baltic states, They appealed to the European Commission To launch an investigation into the Russian state gas company Gazprom. They suspect that Germany is blocking supplies to speed up the North Strait 2 pipeline from Russia and the Baltic Sea to Germany.

Gazprom told CNN Business that gas is “fully compliant with current contractual obligations” and that its supplies have been “close to the historic high for the past eight months”.

The International Energy Agency (IAEA) said on Wednesday that Russia’s exports to Europe are down from 2019 and that the country can do more to increase supply before winter.

“From the Russian point of view, there is clear evidence that gas exports have been used for its own geopolitical purposes. It uses that strategically, not just trade,” he said. Climate politics.

He added: “Gas has been used to commit extreme violence in Ukraine, and it appears to be used in connection with other Eastern European countries.”

Europe has long been a world leader in renewable energy. Last year, the European Union and the United Kingdom used more renewable energy than fossil fuels to generate electricity.

But at the same time, the UK relies on gas for 40% of its electricity and Europe is expanding on gas. According to the Global Energy Monitor (GM), the European Union currently has 87 billion euros ($ 102 billion) worth of gas projects in the pipeline.

The union wants to increase its gas imports by 35%, GMM says.

Gas is widely used as a “cleaning” bridge for use in the transition from coal to renewable energy. But there are some problems with this. While gas produces less carbon than coal and oil, it is the most harmful greenhouse gas that flows from methane, pipelines, and abandoned wells.

Smart grids are part of the answer

Gas prices are running high in the UK, with prices more than quadrupled and some small power companies struggling.

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Experts say the current energy crisis – aggravated by wind shortages in the summer – underscores the need for Europe to build more renewable infrastructure in many places and to duplicate its resources.

“Part of the response is to install more windmills in different areas,” Patson said.

The UK can explore more about hydropower and solar energy.

“People suggest the UK should be gray, but you don’t have to know much about solar cells to know that this is irrelevant. If it is sunny, you will get more, but even in Manchester you will get more electricity and there is a chance for that. “

The other part of the answer is not only the supply of energy but also the demand, says Lisa Fisher, who runs the E3G program on the decommissioning of energy systems.

“Europe is developing renewable energy quickly, and while we can move faster, the slow pace is a critical step in reducing energy demand and making it more flexible,” he told CNN Business.

New data from the UK and Wales show that homes that are not built do not meet basic energy efficiency standards. Many older properties have no effective coverage, with single-glazed windows that allow too much heat and cold air to enter. People also heat their homes with gas-fired heaters, and although electric heat pumps run on renewable energy, they are growing in popularity.
A Royal Dutch oil tanker will be launched in April 2021 at the Royal Pernis refinery in Rotterdam, the Netherlands.

Smart grid is another big part of the solution, Fisher said. Smart grids are digital electrical networks that can intelligently evaluate customer behavior and then respond to the required amount of power and type.

Although Europe has strong missions for smart grid development, the group and the United Kingdom are lagging behind countries such as the United States and China in investing in technology.

Roof solar panels are another option. The British government has repeatedly copied subsidies and regulations around new roofs for new homes. Better support in that area will allow residents to store their own energy and resell unused energy to the national grid, Fisher said.

If we don’t use that, we will need fossils as fossils. If we do, it will be possible to run energy systems without fossil fuels, ”Fischer said.

China is the winner of the New Energy World

Complete transition to renewable and low-emission energy means greater security for countries, but the technology creates clear winners and losers in a power-driven world.

A report by the World Renewable Energy Agency shows that China is well on its way to becoming the world’s “renewable energy superpower.” It is currently the world’s largest manufacturer, exporter and installation of solar panels, wind turbines, batteries and electric vehicles.

Even exporting and building this infrastructure will increase China’s position in the world and increase its influence.

A view of a floating solar power plant in the former coal-mining region of eastern China.

“What China is doing and will continue to do in the future is to export renewable energy,” said Dominic Chiu, a Chinese analyst at Albright Stobridge Group.

Chiu added: “China has been helping countries like Pakistan to build solar farms. Energy infrastructure, renewable or otherwise plays a major role in China’s Belt and Road initiative. ”

That change means that energy security still has a lot to do with geopolitical tensions, or other thorny topics.

For example, a study published in May by Feld Halam University in the United Kingdom found that China produces solar panels and uses forced labor from ethnic minorities. This prompted the United States to impose trade sanctions on five Chinese companies involved in the attack.
During a recent trip to Tianjin, US Secretary of State John Kerry said Chinese officials had complained about the sanctions, limiting China’s cooperation with the world on climate change.

Referring to the materials used in the panels, he said: “That is a major concern for many countries with China’s polyclimate.”

But the sanctions have not had a major impact on the industry, Chiu said.

In addition to the benefits of climate change, there are undeniable political benefits to fossil fuels such as gas. A country like Russia can cut off supplies to Europe with a single click, but once a solar panel or windmill is installed – no country can take the sun or the wind away.

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