Air pollution is claiming the lives of billions of people, the report said

Air pollution is far more deadly than cigarettes, car accidents or HIV / AIDS, according to a new report that is shortening the lives of billions of people to six years.

According to the researchers, coal is the main culprit, and India is the worst hit, with an average citizen dying six years earlier. China has reduced air pollution over the past seven years, but pollution is still cutting 2.6 years.

Burning fossil fuels causes air pollution and climate change, but countries have more power to cut waste air within their own borders. Climate Crisis now increases wildlife pollution by driving wildfires, creating a vicious circle.

According to the group, governments will take action or not. Coronavirus locks cut off pollution, exposing Himalayas to some Indian city dwellers

“Air pollution is the biggest external threat to human health on our planet, and this is largely unknown or underestimated,” said Michael Greenstone, a professor at the University of Chicago. Greenstone and colleagues developed an Air Quality of Life Index (AQLI) that changes air pollution levels into life expectancy.

Air pollution shortens life more than any other external cause

At the current level of air pollution, the average global citizen will lose 2.2 years and, if left unchecked, add up to 17 billion years lost, says Greenstone. What else could cause the death of 17 billion people on our planet?

Also, we do not allow this to happen, we are really creating it. ” “What is remarkable is the effectiveness, the coalition and [societal] Rules are really choosing to allow people to live amazingly short and sick lives. He said switching to clean energy and implementing air quality measures on existing power plants had reduced pollution in many countries.

The report estimates the additional life expectancy of people in their home countries if air pollution levels are reduced to World Health Organization guidelines. In India, this number is 5.9 years – in the northern part of the country 480 million people breathe pollution, which is 10 times higher than in any other part of the world, scientists say. Pollution will increase by 5.4 years in Bangladesh and Nepal and 3.9 years in Pakistan.

In Central and West Africa, the impact of pollution on life expectancy is negligible compared to HIV / AIDS and malaria, the report said. For example, the average person in the Niger Delta loses almost six years, and the average Nigerian loses 3.4 years.

China In 2013, it launched a “war on pollution” and reduced its rankings by 29%. According to scientists, this average life expectancy is 1.5 years, indicating that rapid action is possible.

“In most parts of the world, this is the problem,” says Greenton. “If these [health] Costs are included in the price, and coal is almost non-competitive in almost every part of the world.

Fossil gas is much less polluted than coal, and Japan has pledged $ 10 billion in support of power projects, including power plants in Northeast Asia. But gas burning still drives global warming, and former United Nations climate chief Christina Fireres said on Sunday: “Let’s be clear, gas is neither an alternative to coal nor a fuel. A.D. If carbon neutrality is achieved by 2050, investments in the new gas must stop immediately.

The AQLI report is based on a study comparing the death toll of people living in areas with heart and lung infections, and heart and lung problems are the leading cause of death. The analysis is based on low pollution pollution, but all of these can be high in one place and may include the effects of other air pollution. Air pollution estimates around the world are based on 3.7 miles (6 km) of satellite data.

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