A new coal mine for England awakens hopes and fears

Whitheven, England – Britain has been out of the coal business for the past 100 years. Oil, which transformed the island nation into a black ice rink during the Industrial Revolution, has been replaced by oil, natural gas, and, in recent years, coastal winds and solar panels.

That is why his idea of ​​digging new coal in Whitehaven, in a blurred port city in northwestern England, was so ingrained in him – the enthusiasm of some, the excitement of others.

And he put Prime Minister Boris Johnson in jail. As the United Nations Climate Conference prepares to host COP26 in the fall, it will force it to choose between economic development for a region that is looking for new investment and burning local evidence as climate change dominates political debate.

The proposal by West Cumberland Mining is worth ሚሊዮን 160 million, or $ 218 million, for up to ,000 60,000 a year in a mine that creates more than 500 jobs. Coal relied heavily on coal rather than on iron ore.

The mine will enable British steel producers to manage imported coal mills.

“If he is not elected here, he will come from another place,” said Mike Stark, mayor of the Whitehaven area, once a coal mine. He won the election six years ago and soon became a supporter of the project.

Although the use of coal to produce iron produces greenhouse gases, Mr. Starkey pointed out that iron is essential for green energy – for example, to build wind turbines.

“I don’t think there is anything more important than the local economy,” he said. That sentiment is widely shared in Whitehaven, where they once recalled coal mines, which included family income.

Others see Western Cambodian mining as a disgrace to Britain and its failure to be carbon neutral. With Britain’s coal production declining by more than 90 percent over the past decade, the country has won significant victories over renewable energy sources such as solar and wind power. Mr Johnson said he wanted Britain to be a “windy Saudi Arabia”.

Critics say a new mine in Whitehaven could undermine Mr Johnson’s credibility as he tries to persuade countries like China and India to burn less coal.

“If you give priority to international standards, you will not be able to extract coal,” said Dog Par, chief scientist at Greenpeace UK.

The Parliamentary Influence Committee on Climate Change has warned that the mine will increase global emissions and will “appreciate” Britain’s mandatory carbon targets.

But Mr Johnson is pushing for economic growth in northern constituencies such as Cambridge County and Whitehaven. Large local employers, including chemical factories and steel mills, have been shut down in recent years.

Along with Starky, local MP Trudy Harrison is supporting the project. Both are conservatives led by Johnson.

The Cumbri County Council Planning Committee approved the mine three times, but legal concerns remained. Unusually in March, Johnson argued that the mining application would raise “issues of greater importance to the environment.”

An agency is expected to begin review in early September. It proposes a resolution, but the Johnson government has the final say.

West Cambridge, a Australian-owned private equity firm, said in a statement that it was “deeply saddened” by the government’s move. The company says it uses state-of-the-art mining machines that can dig up to 30 metric tons of coal per minute. The statement said it had already spent ሚሊዮን 36 million on mining and that “the project is a real risk that will never be met.”

The company declined requests for an interview. In a recent appeal, the government said it would approve the plans. Related to the question.

Mine opponents are preparing for battle. The Friends of the Earth recently held a half-hour meeting in Hauhaven to discuss the issue with decision makers and organize a door-to-door campaign.

“From a Cuban point of view, coal mining does not make much sense,” said local friend Ruth Balog.

In Whitehaven itself, many residents are shocked by the prospects for the mine and their future prospects.

“It’s an opportunity for me to start a local industry,” says Danny Doran of the Institute for Nuclear Research. “Children are coming, and there is nothing,” he said, not far from the former chemical plant site where the processing plants are being built.

Mr. Doran and others said they were disappointed by what they saw as foreigners trying to take advantage of the golden opportunity.

“I think there are a lot of people who don’t live in Whitehaven,” said Barry Patrickson, a garbage collector. There are many places to work in Whitehaven, but most are closed, he said. “Now it is a city of spirits.”

Some outsiders are on the shores of the Lake District National Park, where they live in nearby communities, as a magnet for tourists and people coming out of English cities.

Similarly, there are complaints that the government has done little to make the West Coast of Cambridge attractive to new investors. The area will be isolated with poor transportation links. One day he traveled to London by train.

“People feel geographically neutral and culturally isolated,” said Susan Wilson, a researcher at Central Lancashire University, who studied the community around the proposed mine.

According to Simon Carr, a professor of geography at the University of Cambridge, cities such as Huthaven are “vulnerable to exploitation.” “Politicians have jumped on the bandwagon to improve economic and social security in these areas,” said local politicians.

It seems that the mining company is still using the Mining Museum as its headquarters. “People think this is a good job,” said Kate Wilshere, a policy officer for Lake District Friends.

Some locals, however, remember the dangers of mining.

“It affects everyone. I don’t understand why anyone wants it,” said Margaret Telford. Their parents lost their brothers and sisters in the disaster.

A.D. In 1947, 104 people were killed in an accident at the William Pitt mine, known as William Pitt. Georhard Richardson, a local historian who runs a wine shop, is considered one of the most dangerous mines in Britain. Among those who disappeared was Richardson’s grandparents.

However, he supports the mining project. As long as coal is needed for the world of metalworking, “why don’t we have a piece of bread?” he said.

Mr. Carr and some others doubt that the mine will do more than make a profit for its supporters. They say that when new, cleaner ways to make steel are developed, the new works will have a limited future. Whitehaven should look like northeastern England areas such as Hall and Tessidid, with Mr. Carr going to work as a windmill in the green.

But Emma Louise Williamson, a labor politician with Cumbria County Council, said that although green jobs may be the future, her body needs jobs now.

When you take the mines that I really care about, we go back to the square. ”

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